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Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican-born black nationalist founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) created a 'Back to Africa' movement in the United States. He became an inspirational figure for later Civil/Human rights activists including Malcolm X who's father Earl Little, a Baptist preacher worked with Marcus Garvey before he was murdered .
Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887-1940) leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, first African-American leader in American history to organize masses of people in a political movement Garvey was born in Jamaica and immigrated to Harlem in 1916 at the age of 28. In his homeland he had been an admirer of Booker T. Washington’s philosophy of self-improvement for people of African descent and had formed the Jamaica Improvement Association. When he arrived in America his ideas expanded and he became a Black Nationalist. For him, Africa was the ancestral home and spiritual base for all people of African descent. His political goal was to take Africa back from European domination and build a free and United Black Africa. He advocated the Back-to-Africa Movement and organized a shipping company called the Black Star Line which was part of his program to conduct international trade between black Africans and the rest of the world in order to “uplift the race” and eventually return to Africa. Garvey studied all of the literature he could find on African history and culture and decided to launch the Universal Negro Improvement Association with the goal of unifying “all the Negro peoples of the world into one great body and to establish a country and government absolutely on their own”. The motto of the U.N.I.A. was “One God! One Aim! One Destiny.” more http://www.marcusgarvey.com/pages/bio
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