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published on Apr 6, 2013 Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican-born black nationalist founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) created a 'Back to Africa' movement in the United States. He became an inspirational figure for later Civil/Human rights activists including Malcolm X who's father Earl Little, a Baptist preacher worked with Marcus Garvey before he was murdered .
Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887-1940) leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, first African-American leader in American history to organize masses of people in a political movement Garvey was born in Jamaica and immigrated to Harlem in 1916 at the age of 28. In his homeland he had been an admirer of Booker T. Washington’s philosophy of self-improvement for people of African descent and had formed the Jamaica Improvement Association. When he arrived in America his ideas expanded and he became a Black Nationalist. For him, Africa was the ancestral home and spiritual base for all people of African descent. His political goal was to take Africa back from European domination and build a free and United Black Africa. He advocated the Back-to-Africa Movement and organized a shipping company called the Black Star Line which was part of his program to conduct international trade between black Africans and the rest of the world in order to “uplift the race” and eventually return to Africa. Garvey studied all of the literature he could find on African history and culture and decided to launch the Universal Negro Improvement Association with the goal of unifying “all the Negro peoples of the world into one great body and to establish a country and government absolutely on their own”. The motto of the U.N.I.A. was “One God! One Aim! One Destiny.” more http://www.marcusgarvey.com/pages/bio
Marcus Garvey RISE Up BLACK Men RISE-UP!
Marcus Garvey is one of the most contradictory and enigmatic figures in American history, both visionary and manipulative, a brilliant orator and a pompous autocrat. He was a strong advocate of black self-help and unity among people of African descent, yet was willing to collaborate with the Ku Klux Klan. He inspired African Americans to support his economic enterprises with their hard-earned money, yet lost hundreds of thousands of dollars in the mismanagement of those schemes.Marcus Garvey: Look For Me in the Whirlwind, the first comprehensive documentary to tell the life story of this controversial leader, uses a wealth of material from the Garvey movement-written documents, film and photographs-to reveal what motivated a poor Jamaican to set up an international organization for the African diaspora, what led to his early successes, and why he died lonely and forgotten. Among the most powerful sequences in the film are articulate, fiery interviews with the men and women whose parents joined the Garvey movement more than 80 years ago. Together they reveal how revolutionary Garvey's ideas were to a new generation of African Americans,West Indians and Africans and how he invested hundreds of thousands of black men and women with a new-found sense of racial pride.
Marcus Garvey meets Gil Scott Heron
Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago, Illinois.His mother, Bobbie Scott-Heron, was an opera singer who performed with the New York Oratorio Society. Scott-Heron's father, Gil Heron, nicknamed "The Black Arrow," was a Jamaican soccer player in the 1950s who became the first black athlete to play for the Glasgow Celtic Football Club. Gil's parents separated in his early childhood and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother, Lillie Scott, in Jackson, Tennessee.When Scott-Heron was 12 years old, his grandmother died and he returned to live with his mother in the Bronx, New York City. He enrolled at DeWitt Clinton High School,but later transferred to The Fieldston School after impressing the head of the English department with one of his writings and earning a full scholarship.As one of five black students at the prestigious school, Scott-Heron was faced with alienation and a significant socioeconomic gap.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. was born in St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica to Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr., a mason, and Sarah Jane Richards, a domestic worker. Of eleven siblings, only Marcus, the youngest, and his sister Indiana survived until maturity.His family was financially stable given the circumstances of this time period.Therefore, Garvey's father could afford to maintain a large library, and it was from his father that Marcus gained his love for reading. He also attended the elementary schools in St. Ann's Bay during his youth.While attending these schools, Garvey first began to experience racism. When he was younger, he used to be friends and play with his white neighbors. However, when they reached their teenage years, they began to shun him.Sometime in 1900, Garvey entered into an apprenticeship with his uncle, Alfred Burrowes, who also had an extensive library, of which young Marcus made good use
Join the conversation for part 2 as we continue discussing the life and efforts of Marcus Garvey. We will discuss the focal points of Garvey and ask the question; "Can we implement this plan today?" I look forward to hearing your thoughts!
Common Sense Conversations jumps ahead with Black Histroy (because we are not limited to one particular month, and because I can dammit!). We will start out with a discussion about the the life and work of The Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey. We will look at the Back to Africa Movement, The Universal Negro Improvement Association, and we will also take a look Pan Afrikanism then and now. Be apart of the conversation! One God, One Aim, One Destiny!
Dr. Jahi Issa, a previous guest, returns to share his research on Marcus Garvey. Dr. Jahi is a professor of African and African American Studies at Delaware State University. Attention: AAPDEP (All African Peolpe's Development and Empowerment Project) will hold its 2012 conference in Washington D.C. from October 12-14. This year's theme is: "Empowering African Communities Through African Led Development" To register for this conference, go to www.developmentforafr
Tune In Live Tonight!!! Black Truth Radio welcomes you to celebrate with us the 125th Born Strong of the Leading Statesman of the Race...the Hon. Marcus Mosiah Garvey the Greatest gift to the African race...Black August also is a significant month and we will touch on a few of the significance of Black August in relation to our struggle for freedom..."Up Ye Mighty Race" Jerusalem School Room Once Again Is In Session!! Be Sure To Tune In!!!
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