Black Francis is the stage name adopted by Thompson during his years of global domination with the Pixies, from the group's '86 formation in Boston until 1993 when the winds of change blew. (And oh, was there joy in Mudville when the Pixies reuned and toured anew beginning in 2004!)
He returned to the Black Francis name for '07's rocking Bluefinger, a concept album about the life and death of Dutch painter/rocker Herman Brood.
Rejoice! Black Francis is hitting the road this very week with Reid Paley: