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"Garvey's ideas particularly resonated with African Americans during the postwar period. At the core of Garvey's program was an emphasis on black economic self-reliance, black people’s rights to political self-determination, and the founding of a black nation on the continent of Africa. . . .
Perhaps the largest endeavor of the UNIVERSAL NEGRO IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION (UNIA,) was the Black Star Steamship Line, an enterprise intended to provide a means for African Americans to return to Africa while also enabling black people around the Atlantic to exchange goods and services. The company’s three ships (one called the SS Frederick Douglass) were owned and operated by black people and made travel and trade possible between their United States, Caribbean, Central American, and African stops. The economically independent Black Star Line was a symbol of pride for blacks and seemed to attract more members to the UNIA
As a major figure of the Harlem Renaissance, Marcus Garvey was in the vanguard of the new awakening among African Americans. Although his philosophy was at odds with other leading figures of the era, such as W E. B. Du Bois, his influence could not be abated. Promoting his ideals in the art of oratory and through his newspapers, first Negro World and later the Blackman, Garvey has influenced almost every generation of African American writers since." From The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press. Also tonight from REVOLUTIONARY SUICIDE, by HUEY P. NEWTON "THE POCKET LAWYER OF LEGAL FIRST AID" some things you should know in case you are being harassed by the Pigs. We must know how to deal with adversity on our own, it may not be enough time to call a lawyer
Tonight Marcus Garvey's poetry will be read this is a sample of human history being told through other mediums. We started this work on Garvey's Birthday and named this week Garvey week on World Wide Africa. If we could only Unite all of the factions of Nationalist together to create a real Movemnt like the Back to Africa movement we would have successfully completed something of the dream of our forefathers. We will be working on this until it is done
The Tragedy Of White Injustice - Poem by Marcus Mosiah Garvey
And now valiant Black men of the west
Must ably rise to lead and save the rest':
This is the ringing call Africa sounds,
As throughout the Godly world it resounds;
Clansmen! black, educated, virile and true!
Let us prove too that we are loyal blue.
We must win in the blessed fight of love,
Trusting on the Maker of men above.
The Christian world is yet to be saved!
Man, since the risen Christ has not behaved!
Wanton, reckless, wicked, he still remains,
Causing grief, sorrow, tears and human pains!
Can we show the Godly light to anyone
Seeking for earnest truth while marching on?
If so, friend, let us tell you now and here,
For love, freedom, justice let's all prepare!
God in His Glorious Might is coming,
Wonderful signs He is ever showing,
Unrest, earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and storms
Are but revelations of Heavenly Forms:
The proud white scientist thinks he is wise
But the Black man's God comes in true disguise,
God is sure in the rumbling earthquake,
When He is ready, the whole world will shake.
"Black Africa, including British, French, Belgian, Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish possessions and the independent states of Abyssinia and Liberia and leaving out of our account Egypt and North Africa, on one hand, and South Africa, on the other, has an area of 8,200,000 square miles and a population of well over one hundred Millions of black men, with less than one hundred thousand whites...
The Statistics South Africa Census 2011 showed that there were about 4,586,838 white people in South Africa, amounting to 8.9% of the country's population. This is a 6.8% increase since the 2001 census.
"Commercial exploitation in Africa has already larger results to show than most people realize. Annually $200,000,000 worth of goods was coming out of Africa before the World War, including a third of the world's rubber, a quarter of the world's cocoa, and practically all of the world's cloves, gum -Arabic, and Palm oil. In exchange there was being returned to Africa one hundred millions in cotton cloth, twenty five millions in iron and steel, and as much in foods, and probably twenty five million in liquors."W.E.B.DuBois
The African continent is richly endowed with mineral resources – this cannot be disputed. The US Geological Survey (USGS) ranks Africa as the largest or second-largest reserve worldwide for bauxite (the main source of aluminium), cobalt (used to make alloys and batteries), industrial diamonds (needed to cut hard materials), manganese (the anticorrosive element in steel), phosphate rock (a key ingredient in fertilisers), platinum group metals (a primary component in automotive catalytic convertors), soda ash (an element in glass production), vermiculite (a component in fireproof materials) and zirconium (used to manufacture heat-resistant ceramic materials). N.G. M.
For those of you who have forgotten the meaning of UNITY, this is a reminder :
In 1925, despite an appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, Garvey was sent to the Atlanta penitentiary. His The Garvey Letter From an Atlanta Prison is dated February 10, 1925, and excerpted below as follows:
Fellow Men of the Negro Race Greetings
I am delighted to inform you, that your humble servant is as happy in suffering for you and our cause as is possible under the circumstances of being viciously outraged by a group of plotters who have connived to do their worst to humiliate you through me, in fight for real emancipation and African Redemption.
I do not want at this time to write anything that would make it difficult for you to meet the opposition of your enemy without my assistance. Suffice to say that the history of the outrage shall form a splendid chapter in the history of Africa redeemed. When black man will no longer be under the heels of others, but have a civilization and culture of their own.
The whole affair is a disgrace, and the whole black world knows it. We shall not forget. Our day may be fifty, a hundred or two hundred years ahead, let us watch, work, and pray, for the civilization of injustice is bound to crumble and bring destruction down upon the heads of the unjust.
My work is just begun, and when the history of my suffering is complete, then the future generations of the Negro will have in their hands the guide by which they shall know the “sins” of the twentieth century. I, and I know you, too, believe in time, and we shall wait patiently for two hundred years, if need be, to face our enemies through our prosperity."
What can we learn from our experience at the Atlanta summit I think is this most important lesson. One of the most damaging disagreement between leaders in the past have lead to the demise of the people and the movement for true INDEPENDENCE OF THE CHILDREN OF AFRICANS CAPTIVES in America north and south. Marcus Mosiah Garvey and his AFRICA FOR AFRICANS. W.E.B. DuBois and THE TALENTED 10th.
"Charges and Loss of Authority
?In 1922, Marcus Garvey and three other UNIA officials were charged with mail fraud involving the Black Star Line. The trial records indicate several improprieties occurred in the prosecution of the case. It didn't help that the shipping line's books contained many accounting irregularities. On June 23, 1923, Garvey was convicted and sentenced to prison for five years. Claiming to be a victim of a politically motivated miscarriage of justice, Garvey appealed his conviction, but was denied. In 1927 he was released from prison and deported to Jamaica.
"The civilization of today as gone drunk and crazy with its power and by such it seeks through injustice, fraud and lies to crush the unfortunate. But if I am apparently crushed by the system of influence and misdirected power, my cause shall rise again to plague the conscience of the corrupt. For this again I am satisfied, and for you, I repeat, I am glad to suffer and even die. Again, I say cheer up, for better days are ahead. I shall write the history that will inspire the millions that are coming and leave the posterity of our enemies to reckon with the host for the deeds of their fathers" Marcus Mosiah Garvey
THE HANDS OF ETHIOPIA
"With the Renaissance and widened world of modern thought Africa came no less suddenly with her new-old gift, Shakespeare's "Ancient Pistol " cries: A fortune for the world and worldlings base! I speak of Africa and golden joys!
He echoes a legend of Gold from the day's of Punt and Ophir to those of Ghana, the Gold Coast, and the Rand. This thought sent the worlds greed scurrying down the hot, mysterious coast of Africa to the Good Hope of gain, until for the first time a real world -commerce was born, albeit it started as a commerce mainly in bodies and souls of men.
The present problems of problems is nothing more than democracy beating itself helplessly against the color bar, purling, seeping seething, foaming to burst through, ever and again overwhelming the emerging masses of white men in it's rolling backwaters and held back by those who dream of future kingdoms of greed built on black and brown and yellow slavery.
The indictment of Africa against Europe is grave. For four hundred years white Europe was chief support of that trade in human beings which first and las robbed Black Africa of a hundred million human beings, transformed the face of her social life, overthrew organized government, distorted ancient industry, and snuffed out the lights of cultural development. today instead of removing laborers from Africa to distant slavery, industry built on a new slavery approaches Africa to deprive the natives of their land, to force them to toil and reap all their profit for the white world." W.E.B. DU BOIS
"Slavery in all but name has been the foundation of the cocoa industry in St. Those and St. Principe and in the mines of Rand. Gin has been one of the European imports, having increased fifty percent in ten years and reaching ma total of at least twenty- five million dollars a year today. Negroes of ability have been carefully gotten rid of, disposed from authority, kept out of positions of influence, and discredited in their people's eyes, while a caste of white overseers and governing officials has appeared everywhere. Naturally, the picture is not all lurid. David Livingstone has had his successors and Europe has given Africa something of value in the beginning of education and industry. Yet the balance of iniquity is desperately large; but worse than that, it has aroused no world protest. A great Englishman, familiar with African problems for generations, says frankly today:"There does not exist any real international conscience to which you can appeal." W.E.B. DuBois The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, situated in the equatorial Atlantic and Gulf of Guineaabout 300 and 250 kilometres (190 and 160 mi), respectively, off the northwest coast of Gabon, constitute Africa's second smallest country. Rand Mines, the South African mining house, originated as H. Ekstein & Co. in 1887 and was soon nicknamed 'The Corner House'. The founders were Alfred Beit, Hermann Ekstein and Julius Wernher. They formed Rand Mines as a financial company in 1893 to help pioneer the first deep level mines with assistance from the Rothschilds.
What is nation building? What importance does it have on the PAN AFRICANIST? Really do you all understand that to be a nationalist and not be pro-active as to the only nations we come from on the Continent of Africa is counterproductive? You may have not been born in Africa but your Skin complexion of many shades of EARTH tones declaring your African Nationality without you opening your mouths. This plus the fact that you want Justice for your captivity and slaughter of your ancestors makes you a Pan Africanist.
"The political philosophy of black nationalism means that the black man should control the politics and the politicians in his own community; no more. The black man in the black community has to be re-educated into the science of politics so he will know what politics is supposed to bring him in return. Don't be throwing out any ballots. A ballot is like a bullet. You don't throw your ballots until you see a target, and if that target is not within your reach, keep your ballot in your pocket.
The political philosophy of black nationalism is being taught in the Christian church. It's being taught in the NAACP. It's being taught in CORE meetings. It's being taught in SNCC Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee meetings. It's being taught in Muslim meetings. It's being taught where nothing but atheists and agnostics come together. It's being taught everywhere. Black people are fed up with the dillydallying, footing, compromising approach that we've been using toward getting our freedom. We want freedom now, but we're not going to get it saying "We Shall Overcome." We've got to fight until we overcome." MALCOLM EL HAJI MALIK SHABAZ
My understanding of Malcolm's "THE BALLOT OR THE BULLET" is steeped in the knowledge of the Slave law or Code de Noir. In chapter 7, "FREE SOCIAL WORSHIP AND RELIGIOUS WORSHIP AND RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION PROHIBITED"..The Government not only permits the Master to forbid the free social worship and religious instruction of his slaves, at his pleasure, but it also steps in with direct prohibitions of its own, which even the Master himself may not relax or abrogate..........He is restrained, as we have seen, from bestowing upon his slave, an education that would increase his usefulness, or of employing him to do any kind of writing! The slave may be used so, as to be used up in SEVEN YEARS; may be used as ad breeder, as. Prostitute, as an attendant at the gaming tables, as a subject of MEDICAL AND SURGICAL EXPERIMENTS FOR THE BENEFIT OF SCIENCE, an d the Legislature makes no objections against it. "William Goodell
"By ballot I only mean freedom. Don't you know -- I disagree with Lomax on this issue -- that the ballot is more important than the dollar? Can I prove it? Yes. Look in the UN. There are poor nations in the UN; yet those poor nations can get together with their voting power and keep the rich nations from making a move. They have one nation -- one vote, everyone has an equal vote. And when those brothers from Asia, and Africa and the darker parts of this earth get together, their voting power is sufficient to hold Sam in check. Or Russia in check. Or some other section of the earth in check. So, the ballot is most important.
This is the letter of the law by which we must live not by the BLACK CODES LAWS that have reared their ugly heads! "When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth , the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are LIFE, LIBERTY AND THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes DESTRUCTIVE to these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundations on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.”
WE WANT OUR LAND AND WE WANT AN INVESTIGATIVE COMMITEE OF THE UNITED NATIONS TO CITE THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT FOR GROSS HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AGAINST FORMER CAPTIVES OF AFRICA. Forcing them to give us what was given to the Jews of Germany for the slaughter of German-Jews, REPARATIONS AND RESTITUTIONS. All lands as declared by General Sherman in 'FIELD ORDER No. 15, and for the additional years of hate and murder all the Southern States as our home land. These states are to be ours as a condition of the War Powers Act that gives the President the authorty to honor all treties and resolutions of war, as payment for winning the Civil War for the Union by the Colored Regiments of the Union Army!
They projected Africa always in a negative light: jungles, savages, cannibals, nothing civilized. Why then naturally it was so negative [that] it was negative to you and me, and you and I began to hate it. We didn't want anybody telling us anything about Africa, much less calling us Africans. In hating Africa and in hating the Africans, we ended up hating ourselves, without even realizing it. Because you can't hate the roots of a tree and not hate the tree. You can't hate your origin and not end up hating yourself. You can't hate Africa and not hate yourself. You show me one of these people over here who have been thoroughly brainwashed, who has a negative attitude toward Africa, and I'll show you one that has a negative attitude toward himself. You can't have a positive attitude toward yourself and a negative attitude toward Africa at the same time. To the same degree that your understanding of and attitude toward Africa becomes positive, you'll find that your understanding of and your attitude toward yourself will also become positive. And this is what the white man knows. So they very skillfully made you and me hate our African identity, our African characteristics.
You know yourself--and we have been a people who hated our African characteristics. We hated our hair, we hated the shape of our nose--we wanted one of those long, dog-like noses, you know. Yeah. We hated the color of our skin, hated the blood of Africa that was in our veins. And in hating our features and our skin and our blood, why, we had to end up hating ourselves.