Peled has described his 2012 book, The General’s Son: Journey of an Israeli in Palestine,as an account of how he, "the son of an Israeli General and a staunch Zionist, came to realize that "the story upon which I was raised ... was a lie." The book, he has said, is based largely on long conversations with his mother, on a thorough reading of "everything my dad had ever written," and on material about his father's career in the Israeli army archives. The book, which has been characterized as "part confessional, part cinematic epic and part emotional appeal for 'different answers' to the Israeli-Palestinian conundrum,"contains a foreword by Alice Walker, author of The Color Purple.
Peled is, with Nader Elbanna, co-founder of the Elbanna-Peled Foundation. Established in 2010 and based in Coronado, California, it describes itself as being "committed to peace, justice and equality by operating exclusively for charitable and educational purposes, including, but not limited to the following:
Humanitarian aid to civilians who were injured as a result of Israeli Palestinian conflict.
Support existing educational efforts that promote Israeli Palestinian reconciliation.
Support local grassroots organizations that work together (Israelis and Palestinians) toward a non-violent resolution of the conflict."