Connecting back to their "need for endurance" (10:36), he pointed them to their Fore-runner, Jesus (6:20). Follow Him, with attitudes like His, and you'll make it into the new world.
Difficulty, persecution, hostility, oppression existed because society rejected and resisted Jesus and His followers, who suffered because of that rejection. But, as Paul said to the Thessalonians regarding the things they suffered, their enduranace was a "plain indication of God's righteous judgment" (2 Thes. 1:5). They suffered because of allegiance to Jesus; they would also suffer when Jesus stepped in to put an end to those committing the injustices.
But, as Malachi said: This would purify the people of God as well as remove the chaff (Mal. 3:1–5; 4:1–3). So, rather than view their difficulties as a sign that God didn't care about them, HW encourages them to see two things: 1) God uses the difficulties to make His children better able to face life; and 2) By holding on through the difficulties they would receive the Unshakeable Kingdom.
This chapter will help us better understand the role of pain and suffering as tools of God to bless us.
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