Relationships are the stuff of our deepest pain and joy. They can leave gaping holes that cause great vulnerability to addiction, and they are also a large part of healing addictions. Ed Khouri shares a fascinating piece of research that links trauma through early attachment problems to dopamine receptor density that affects the ability to regulate pain, pleasure, and emotions. That sets the bar for the level of relational joy in people’s lives. Propensity for addiction increases radically when relational joy is low. What can be done to increase our joy bonds? Lots! Join Beyond Abuse Radio as we explore the connection between addiction and attachment and catch the hope for healing.