Dead Women Talking demonstrates that the dead, especially women, have been speaking out in American literature since well before it was fashionable.
Norman argues that they voice concerns that a community may wish to consign to the past, raising questions about gender, violence, sexuality, class, racial injustice, and national identity.
When these women insert themselves into the story, they do not enter precisely as ghosts but rather as something potentially more disrupting: posthumous citizens.
The community must ask itself whether it can or should recognize such a character as one of its own.
The prospect of posthumous citizenship bears important implications for debates over the legal rights of the dead, social histories of burial customs and famous cadavers, and the political theory of citizenship and social death.