Jesus' mention of the Law refers to the specific code of rules and regulations that God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai. The law was part of the covenant that set Israel apart as God's people. It governed their worship, their relationship to God, and their social relationships with one another.
The Law can be divided into three categories-moral laws, ceremonial laws, and civil laws.
The civil law regulated in great detail matters having to do with leaders, the army, crimes, humane treatment, personal and family rights, property rights, and other social behavior.
The ceremonial law contained specifications regarding public worship an ritual, giving high priority to the concept of holiness. Because God is holy, Israel was to be holy in all its religious practices.
Though the law was given specifically to Israel, it rests on eternal moral principles that are consistent with God's character. Thus it is a standard of fundamental and universal moral standards. It expresses the essence of what God requires of people.
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