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Black Abolitionists, Book by Benjamin Quarles Chapter 9 Vigilance Committe
Noted historian, scholar, and educator Benjamin Author Quarles was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 23, 1904.
A prolific writer, Quarles published ten books, twenty-three major articles, and hundreds of shorter pieces of various sorts. At least four of his books attained national significance: Frederick Douglass (1948), which grew out of his doctoral research and remains the authoritative source for most of what is known about Douglass; The Negro in the American Revolution (1961), one of the first books to demonstrate the importance of including African Americans in the mainstream narratives of U.S. history; The Negro in the Making of America (1964), a text used in courses throughout the country; and Black Abolitionists (1969), a book that helped propel a major reassessment of the anti-slavery movement.
David Ruggles advocated for self-defense and the need for African Americans to organize and establish their own "remedy" for justice. In 1835, Ruggles and other black abolitionists formed the Committee of Vigilance (A hybrid of The Black Panthers and The NAACP) to protect free blacks and recently escaped slaves and to fight slave catchers and kidnappers.
As David Ruggles, a leading black abolitionist, made clear in this 1836 account of a kidnapping, African Americans could not count on the police, the courts, or anti-slavery organizations.
Richard Riker (Rikers Island named after him) [1773-1842]
A lawyer and eventual judge who saw us on the lowest social level possible. Adipta writes, "When seven-year-old schoolboy Henry Scott was seized as a fugitive slave from his classroom, the kidnappers forcibly brought the terrified child before Richard Riker, the magistrate of New York City. They claimed that the boy was property belonging to white slaver.
Dating from its origin, the Negro press printed the names of black informants,Freedom's Journal listing those of Moses Smith, formerly of Baltimore, and Nathan Gooms of New York, in its issue of November 7, 1828. The mere appearance of these names in the columns of the weekly was a sufficient deterrent to die other informers whose identity the editors threatened to reveal. When Martin R, Delany was editor of The Black Underground Dr. Martin R. Delaney, founder of the Pittsburgh Mystery in 1842 and later was co-editor of the North Star.
In August 1858 two runaways were betrayed by John Brodie, who had promised to assist them in returning to Covington, Kentucky, to effect the liberation of relatives. Brodie's treachery nearly cost him his life. He was seized by a group of Negroes, who proceeded to give him three hundred blows with a paddle, a stroke for each dollar he was supposed to have received from the slave-catchers. Only the presence of the influential Henry Highland Garnet saved Brodie from further punishment. The badly mauled informer delivered himself to the police authorities, to be placed in jail for safe-keeping
Join The Gist of Freedom as we discuss Black Abolitionists and their rescues from Benjamin Quarles book, "Black Abolitionists" Chapter 4. Professor Tonya Thames, Genealogist Preston Washington and Poet, Ty El Gray (A Black Woman's Smile)
Rev. Samuel R. Ward and Frederick Douglass established the first black American labor union The American League of Colored Laborers (ALCL) It was formed in New York City in 1850 as a collective for skilled free craftsmen, and sought to develop agricultural and industrial arts skills among its members, and to encourage African American business.
The same year, The Slavers passed a the Fugitive Slave Law which targeted Black Abolitionists. The new law deputized and paid anyone who helped capture and enslave a Free black they suspected of being a fugitive, run-away slave. The law arrested anyone involved in the rescue of a "suspected fugitive slave". Ward an abolitionist, became involved in the rescue of a fugitive slave, William "Jerry" Henry. Federal marshals accompanied by the local police, arrested William "Jerry" Henry. Word of the arrest quickly reached the Convention, then in session at a nearby church.
We are here in the most extraordinary circumstances," ex-slave Samuel Ward," told a gathering. "We are witnessing such a sight as, I pray, we may never look upon again. A man in chains, in Syracuse! ..What a term to apply to an American!By pre-arranged signal, church bells began ringing, and a crowd of Negroes and Whites With a battering ram the door was broken in and despite pistol shots out the window by one of the deputy marshals, it became clear that the crowd was too large and determined to be resisted. The crowd broke into the jail and forced the marshals to free William "Jerry" Henry.
We will be interviewing a leader in the 'LetsBuyBlack365' movement. This will be a very powerful discussion.
Black people: Individuals, business owners, professionals, activists and organizers who support the mission
There is a new Black Economic Empowerment Movement... Not about talk. Just action.
Economics touches every aspect of the Black experience. It's about self-determination and cooperative Economics.
Let's define our experience for ourselves. Let's not just talk about it. Let's BE about it. Let's keep and recirculate the Black dollar in the Black community.
LetsBuyBlack365 is a nationwide grassroots Black economic empowerment movement, online Black business-oriented community, and national Black Business directory. This is a movement to empower Black people through the committed Black-owned businesses that create jobs, create resources, and fuel our communities as they grow.
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Saturday Nov 21st, 9pm est/8pm cst, join O-God, Solarmind, & Sistah Renèe, on 'IN THE BLACK RADIO'! We'll be discussing 'The Genesis of Black Liberation Movements in Amerikkka', featuring special guest, ! As usual, we'll be going in & dropping powerful information. Listen/Comment/Question @ (619) 924-0694 press 1 to speak, or hear us online by clicking the link>>> http://www.blogtalkradio.com/intheblackradio/2015/11/22/the-genesis-of-black-liberation-movements-in-amerikkka-feat-zion-lexx
Tonight we will discuss our upcoming free screening of the SBPM made-for-YT-FB-IG-TW video, 'Black Exodus,' on the American public school system. The live screening will be held this coming Sunday, November 29, 2015 @ 2:00pm EST at the Thurgood Marshall Center Trust, Inc., 1816 12th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20009.
****This video was a collaboration between African Unification & SBPM.****
We will also be discussing the most recent attack against Straight Black Pride Movement (SBPM). Apparently, Black Lives Matter got wind of the SBPM 'Black Exodus' free screening, they decided that heterosexual Black people do not have the right to meet and discuss rebuilding and repairing our family structures. Here is the link to the Black Lives Matter event to shut down the SBPM's right to free assembly:
Tonight's Topic: Five shot during a Black Lives Matter protest outside a police precinct in Minneapolis furthers racial tension in an already combustible America. Tim Black At Night Show airs everyday 9P Est. Lets talk about it here on Tim Black At Night (323) 870-4064 Tune In! http:www.TimBlackTV.com
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