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Before I get to the meat and potatos of the episode, I want to talk briefly about the Nye vs. Hamm debate that just happened. Then, the First Cause Argument.
Does the Cosmological argument hold water? What if there is a cause for the universe? How does the atheist deal with this all-too-common argument? This is my take on it.
Your calls make it awesome.
The universe appears to be designed. DNA is a code, and codes come from intelegent minds. Look at how complex the universe is! How could the eye possibly have evolved?
In this epidose, we'll discuss the design argument. Is irreducuble complexity reasonable? How do we get an eye?
Plus your calls makes the show more awesome than awesome. That makes sense, right?
The Reasons to Believe #50
Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 1 Peter 3:15. It reads, "But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear."
Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Don Stewart. He said, "The Bible encourages people to put their faith in God. Unfortunately, many people equate faith with a blind leap in the dark or wishful thinking. But the faith that the Bible requires is intelligent faith. It is neither blind nor irrational. Biblical faith is a committing trust with an object (God) who is worthy of our faith. No one is asked to sacrifice his intellect when he puts his faith in the God of the Bible."
Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Kalam Argument for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:
The Arabic word kalam literally means "speech," but came to denote a certain type of philosophical theology --- a type containing demonstrations that the world could not be infinitely old and must therefore have been created by God. This sort of demonstration has had a long and wide appeal among both Christians and Muslims. Its form is simple and straightforward.
1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause for its coming into being.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause for its coming into being.
Can morals be grounded without an external source? If there are standards of morality, from whence do they come? How can anyone make a judgement of good or evil without a standard?
Let's look at the moral argument for god, and condemn the bastard to the realm of imagination for failing so badly!!
Plus your calls.
Do I even have to say awesomesauce?
The Reasons to Believe #52
Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 2 Corinthians 10:5-6. It reads, "Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ; And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled."
Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Charles Spurgeon. He said, "I have noticed that whenever a person gives up his belief in the Word of God because it requires that he should believe a good deal, his unbelief requires him to believe a great deal more. If there be any difficulties in the faith of Christ, they are not one-tenth as great as the absurdities in any system of unbelief which seeks to take its place."
Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Contingency Argument for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:
The basic form of this argument is simple.
1. If something exists, there must exist what it takes for that thing to exist.
2. The universe---the collection of beings in space and time---exists.
3. Therefore, there must exist what it takes for the universe to exist.
4. What it takes for the universe to exist cannot exist within the universe or be bounded by space and time.
5. Therefore, what it takes for the universe to exist must transcend both space and time.
The Reasons to Believe #53
Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 1 Thessalonians 5:20-22. It reads, "Despise not prophesyings. Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil."
Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Alan Redpath. He said, "Many people are being persuaded that they cannot be considered intelligent or well educated if they insist on the doctrine of the verbal inspiration of the Book. Let me say to you that truth has always lived with the minority; what the majority says at a given moment is usually wrong. The crowd one day cried, “Crucify him,” and the whole world united to murder the Son of God, because in their ignorance they knew Him not."
Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Contingency Argument for the Existence of God" (part 2) from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:
But why should we call this cause "God"? Maybe there is something unknown that grounds the universe of change we live in.
True. And this "unknown" is God. What we humans know directly is this sensible changing world. We also know that there must exist whatever it takes for something to exist. Therefore, we know that neither this changing universe as a whole nor any part of it can be itself what it takes for the universe to exist. But we have no such direct knowledge of the cause of changing things. We know that there must exist a cause; we know that this cause cannot be finite or material --- that it must transcend such limitations. But what this ultimate cause is in itself remains, so far, a mystery.
The Reasons to Believe #51
Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Colossians 4:5-6. It reads, "Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time. Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man."
Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from William Lane Craig. He said, "The Christian faith does not call for us to put our minds on the shelf, to fly in the face of common sense and history, or to make a leap of faith into the dark. The rational person, fully apprised of the evidence, can confidently believe."
Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Kalam Argument for the Existence of God"( part 2) from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:
Christians believe they are going to live forever with God. So they believe the future will be endless. How come the past cannot also be endless?
The question really answers itself. Christians believe that their life with God will never end. That means it will never form an actually completed infinite series. In more technical language: an endless future is potentially --- but never actually --- infinite. This means that although the future will never cease to expand and increase, still its actual extent will always be finite. But that can only be true if all of created reality had a beginning.
How do we know that the cause of the universe still exists? Maybe it started the universe going and then ceased to be.
Remember that we were seeking for a cause of spatio-temporal being. This cause created the entire universe of space and time. And space and time themselves must be part of that creation...
Even in the most loving, peaceful relationships, arguments happen. Sometimes they get heated and very ugly. What happens when in a moment of rage, you and your spouse begin to say the unspeakable? What happens when bad names are called and someone hits below the belt with hurtful remarks? What happens when someone threatens divorce? When it gets this bad, can you reconcile? What words can you say to erase the effects of the extreme hurt caused by the argument
TAG: The Transcendental Argument for God. The biggest bunch of bull ever comprised.
This episode will discuss the ways of TAG. If Chet from New York calls in, it will be filled with awesomeness.
Can anyone reason without god? Can people find logic without a creator? Is TAG anymore than a "I know you are but what am I" game with god?
Your call makes it awesome.
In this re-airing, blogger Sacerdotus responds to the fallacious argument of 3000 gods that atheists often use. They claim that since mankind has a variety of "gods," that theists are atheist to the rest of these gods that they do not believe in or worship. Sacerdotus explains this argument and shows using history, anthropology, philosophy, psychology and logic to show that this argument is bunk and shows the ignorance atheists have regarding what "God" really is. He explains why there are so "many gods" in human cultures throughout the world and how this does not contradict monotheism in the sense atheists believe it does.
The Reasons to Believe #54
Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Isaiah 50:4. It reads, "The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned."
Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Charlie Campbell. He said, "There are dozens of writings outside of the Bible that verify the historical accuracy of many of the names of people, places, and events mentioned in the Bible. In fact, external sources verify that at least eighty persons mentioned in the Bible were actual historical figures. Fifty people from the Old Testament, and thirty people from the New Testament."
Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Argument from the World as an Interacting Whole for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:
Norris Clarke, who taught metaphysics and philosophy of religion for many years at Fordham, has circulated privately an intriguing version of the design argument. We present it here, slightly abridges and revised, for your reflection.
Starting Point. This world is given to us as a dynamic, ordered system of many active component elements. Their natures (natural properties) are ordered to interact with each other in stable, reciprocal relationships which we call physical laws. For example, every hydrogen atom in our universe is ordered to combine with every oxygen atom in the proportion of 2:1 (which implies that every oxygen atom is reciprocally ordered to combine with every hydrogen atom in the proportion of 1:2). So it is with the chemical valences of all the basic elements. So too all particles with mass are ordered to move toward every other according to the fixed proportions of the law of gravity.