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Chapter 6, Music for Jesus Lyrics of Freedom; Chapter 7 Flight and Revolt, Runaways and Maroons
Michael Row the Boat Ashore
"Michael, Row the Boat Ashore" is an African-american spiritual. It was first noted during the American Civil War at St. Helena Island, one of the Sea Islands of South Carolina, USA.
The song was sung by former slaves whose owners had abandoned the island before the Union navy arrived to enforce a blockade. Charles Pickard Ware, an abolitionist and Harvard graduate who had come to supervise the plantations on St. Helena Island wrote the song down in music notation as he heard the freedmen sing.
The lyric describes the simple crossing of the River Jordan with macabre undertones provided by reference to trumpets, eternal life and unknown lands. Despite its deathly connotations the song is affirming, a celebration of faith under oppression.
“This book will force many readers to reexamine their assumptions about American history… Young readers will be fascinated and better informed for having experienced this book,” wrote School Library Journal. Striking photographs highlight this unknown heritage.”
— Black Child Magazine, February/March 1997
Introduction, Fighting Bondage on Land and Sea, The First Rebels, Daily Toil, Perilous Struggle, A Troublesome Property, The Battle for Family and Knowledge, Disrupting Plantation Life, Industrial and Urban Resistance, Music for Jesus, Lyrics of Freedom, Flight and Revolt, Runaways and Maroons, Revolts in the Age of Revolution, Nineteenth-Century Slave Rebels, The Fiery Abolitionists, Marching to Freedom, The Slave's Civil War, The Bayonets of Freedom, From Slave Liberation .
Join The Gist of Freedom, www.BlackHistoryBlog.com, as we continue our audio book reading Breaking The Chains by William L. Katz - Chapter 5 Urban Slave Resistance~ Jordan Hatcher was a seventeen-year-old enslaved tobacco worker in Richmond, Virginia, who in 1852 rose from obscurity to notoriety when charged with assaulting and killing white overseer William Jackson. According to newspaper accounts and trial records, Hatcher was working at the Walker & Harris tobacco factory when Jackson began flogging him with a cowhide for performing poorly. Hatcher initially warded off the blows, but Jackson continued to beat him. In response Hatcher grabbed an iron poker, struck Jackson unconscious, and immediately fled the factory. When Jackson later awoke, he claimed to feel no pain, but the next day he collapsed and died. Hatcher was immediately found, arrested, tried and sentenced to execution. His sentence, however, was later commuted by Virginia Governor Joseph Johnson, and he was sold and transported beyond the limits of the United States.
This case is significant because of Jordan Hatcher’s unusual working and living conditions. Hatcher was a hired slave; though legally bound to Parmella Goday of Chesterfield County, Hatcher had been hired-out to a tobacco manufactory for the year. During that year, Hatcher, like hundreds of other hired slaves, was allowed to find his own lodgings, secure his own meals, and receive the wages for his labor. During the antebellum era, the urban slave system provided an essential labor pool for city businesses and was highly lucrative, but under conditions that made white Richmonders nervous. Critics of the system believed the hiring-out process made urban slavery unstable and encouraged slave workers to be more rebellious and defiant. Hatcher did not hang.
I went to the slaver and inquired what was her price for me. She said a thousand dollars.... I opened a regular place of business...
During this time I had found it politic to go shabbily dressed, and to appear to be very poor, but to pay my mistress for my services promptly. I kept my money hid, never venturing to put out a penny, nor to let any body but my wife know that I was making any. The thousand dollars was what I supposed my mistress would ask for me, and so I determined now what I would do.
I opened a regular place of business, labelled my tobacco in a conspicuous manner with the names of “Edward and Lunsford Lane,” and of some of the persons who sold it for me, — established agencies for the sale in various parts of the State, one at Fayetteville, one at Salisbury, one at Chapel Hill, and so on, — sold my articles from my place of business, and about town, also deposited them in stores on commission, and thus, after paying my mistress for my time, and rendering such support as necessary to my family.
I found in the space of some six or eight years, that I had collected the sum of one thousand dollars.
Listen in as The Gist of Freedom continues The Summer Audio Book Series with William Katz, Breaking The Chains
I could not legally purchase it, and as the laws forbid emancipation except, for “meritorious services.” This done, Mr. Smith endeavored to emancipate me formally, and to get my manumission recorded; I tried also; but the court judged that I had done nothing “meritorious,” and so I remained, nominally only, the slave of Mr. Smith for a year; when, feeling unsafe in that relation, I accompanied him to New York whither he was going to purchase goods, and was there regularly and formally made a freeman, and there my manumission was recorded.
AUDIO BOOK READING chp 4 BREAKING THE CHAINS, WM.L.KATZ
Jenny Smith Fletcher was the daughter of W. H. Smith, founder of Nicodemus. She was the first postmistress and schoolteacher in Nicodemus, Kansas. She was also one of the original charter members of the A.M.E. Church.
Formerly enslaved African Americans left Kentucky in organized colonies to experience freedom in the "promised land" of Kansas. Nicodemus represents the involvement of African Americans in the westward expansion and settlement of the Great Plains. It is the oldest and only remaining Black settlement west of the Mississippi River.
Tonight!!!! Celebrate Black History Daily with The Gist of Freedom on itunes
AUDIO BOOK READING - BREAKING THE CHAINS, Week 4 Chapter 4 Resistance
Although slave revolts constituted the most dramatic form of slave resistance, they were by no means the only method of reprisal. Arson proved to be an exceptionally effective and consequently frequent form of retaliation. In 1795, slave-set fires in Charleston, South Carolina, prompted the governor to declare a day of fasting. More arson there in 1804 resulted in the destruction of six ships and hundreds of homes. The problem of arson was so widespread that, in 1820, the American Fire Insurance Company of Philadelphia stopped issuing policies in the South.
Assaults and attempts at assassination were also common. In 1740, accusations that slaves were attempting to poison New York City's water supply resulted in widespread arrests and executions. Poison attempts were so frequent they were even referred to in the lyrics of at least one slave song. Vandalism and destruction of crops were also regular occurrences.
A stark look at Vietnam Veterans, the War and how We let Them down. This is a Call To Duty for everyone to thank your Veterans today, and a reminder to the media and politicians to value every soldier as if they were their own sons and daughters. Without a nation's support, soldiers cannot survive.
- Brian Williams; Major, U.S. Army
Veteran of Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq) and Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan)
"Dusty" Earl Trimmer came down to see me in Columbus, Ohio in March 1968, just a couple days before he was scheduled to leave for Vietnam. I was at Ohio State University and living in the Delta Chi Fraternity House. At the time I thought that I was a little something just because I was pledge class president and a member of the Ohio State wrestling team...that was before I received letters from Nam, from Dusty...before he earned his many military medals/accolades. Then I saw how small I was in comparison...and how small some of my buddy All-Americans at other universities were in comparison to what Dusty and his Nam-mates were doing. I have known "Dusty" Earl Trimmer, who is the author of Condemned Property? Soldiers of the Vietnam War for over forty years. If I could only use three words to describe him, they would be: passionate, fearless, and straightforward. This description and more is why I recommend his book as "must reading" for anyone...veteran and non-veteran alike that wants greater insights into the truths about the Vietnam War, it's devastating aftermath, and how combat soldiers and those who love them are coping with both...today. I have read it twice. It will move you, teach you, motivate you and it may change you because you read it.
- Gary Ockunzzi; Lifelong Friend
Korean DMZ Conflict Veteran, U.S. Navy
AUDIO BOOK READING - BREAKING THE CHAINS, Week 2 Chapter 2
"In the North tax money built libraries and public schools
in the South it built jails to hold slaves and paid the salaries of slave patrols.
New York state published more newspapers than the fourteen slave states combined."
Join The Gist of Freedom, www.BlackHistoryBlog.com as we continue our 2nd week of our summer audio book reading!!
“In his Breaking The Chains, which earned the Carter G. Woodson award, Katz chronicles how resistance by Africans marked the era of slavery. It shows how slaves battled for dignity and liberty in fields, cities, through education and religion, by joining maroon colonies, by staging revolts or fleeing on the Underground Railroad. Katz shows how slaves transformed the Civil War into a battle for freedom and brought about the Union victory. “This book will force many readers to reexamine their assumptions about American history… Young readers will be fascinated and better informed for having experienced this book,” wrote School Library Journal. Striking photographs highlight this unknown heritage.”
— Black Child Magazine, February/March 19
Free Audio Book! Click here for additional info
The most controversial figure in adult entertainment presents a no holds barred discussion about the future of the business. Rob's insight is spawned from having grown up around the adult biz, as his father owned several adult bookstores throughout Western New York.
Rob was the owner of Extreme Associates, which was at the time considered an outlaw in the biz because of its edgy content. Such fare is commonplace now.
Rob and his wife Lizzy Borden paid an extreme price for innovating adult, as both spent a year in prison on federal obscenity charges.
Rob also owned XPW - Xtreme Pro Wresting, which was one of the top wrestling organizations in the world, with a weekly national TV show, employing such superstars as Shane Douglas, X-Pac, Sabu and the late Chris Candido. XPW folded in 2003 after Extreme was indicted.
Join Rob and his friends for a lively 2 hours of explicit talk. No topic is off limits. No subject is taboo.
Please join us Sunday at 10AM CST as we discuss we leadership, or the lack thereof, in the Black community.
Has the current leadership failed us? Why or why not?
Is it time for the current leadership to share the roles or vacate? It's not as though we need their permission.
What type of leadership is needed in the Black community?
Where do we start? Has the #Ferguson uprising ignited a kindling fire?
What do we need in terms of resources?
Who are our true allies? Have some of our trusted allies betrayed us?
Where are the Democrats?
Why are some wealthy Blacks telling us to stop protesting and go home?
Is prayer the answer?
Why is there a deafening silence in the secular community?
Why do some of these people take our loyalty for granted? Some feel entitled to it.
Is it time for a change? What? Who? Why?
Where do we go from here?
Why are the Millennials so important to this paradigm shift?
Let's talk about. Open discussion. Open chatroom this week.
The dial in number is 310-982-4273 and press 1 to speak with the host.
in Self Help
"'There was no longer a vacuum-like void of sound. She stomped around the stainless room, relishing the tinny-thump of her feet resonating on the floor. 'Where am I? OZ? Wonderland? Hell? Is this Heaven...' she laughed maniacally, singing 'Heaven... I'm in heaven.' - Gabriel - Chapter SIX - By Listener Request, may I humbly Introduce To YOU 'Dear Prudence' by ME... Amanda G. - A LIVE READING, chapter by chapter... from the horse's mouth! Please Tune In and ENJOY! 'Dear Prudence' Radio - Life Advice to Help YOU Cope!"
Please join Amanda Grieme, Author of “Dear Prudence,” Motherhood Made ME Get Over MYSELF: A Metamorphosis, and former English/Creative Writing Educator. Amanda LIVES with Bipolar Disorder choosing writing as her catharsis and creative medium to help others. Her life experience with mental illness, self-medication will lend listeners invaluable, often quirky life advice. Tune in to share in life’s struggles, folly, laughter, tears… idiosyncratic oddities… cradled by eclectic music selections.
“Dear Prudence” Radio – Life Advice to Help YOU Cope will provide you with entertaining and informative fodder about life stuff, backed by research, justified by public opinion… and humbled by ill-experience. Check Out the NEW video trailer:
Dear Prudence Column:
About The Host:
Fun, Inspiring and Practical discussions on Life, Love and Making It Count! Host Erika Black is Life-Coach and the owner of Pull It Together and is all about helping people move forward, acheive their goals and dreams, live with joy, intention and make a difference.
Join "Missing Pages of History" as we discuss news, current events, hot topics and what's is happening in the neck of your woods. Come and help us fill in our "missing page of history" so that, future generation will know the truth. Jonin us on Saturdays (bi-weekly) at 12 Noon est. You may listen in at 1-818-337-0016 or go online at www.blogtalkradio.com/missing-pages-of-history-inc. This week program (Sat., August 30, 2014) will feature a segement on "The Missing Pages of Ferguson, Missouri & Michael Brown."
in Self Help
Life Purpose Expert and Career Coach, Suzanne Strisower hosts a conscious living show with interviews about Sustainability, Spirituality, Optimal Health & Well Being, Self-Help & Personal Development and Inspirational New Authors, Musicians and Entertainers.
My Guest from 12-1pm PST: Treyce Montoya
Treyce Montoya is the author of 20 books and will soon be seen on an upcoming reality television show. Since 1987, she has been using handwriting as a holistic healing modality and she created Handwriting Formation Therapy (HFT) which has had a positive impact on children and adults worldwide.
She's going to share interesting insights about people that can be derived from their handwriting and how to help people change their lives by how they write. Get 40+ Freebies from Treyce www.AskTreyce.com
My Guest from 1-2pm PST: Lloyd Burnett
Life coach, writer, and spiritual teacher Lloyd Burnett is the best-selling author of "The Voice Inside Your Head: How to Use Your Mind to Instantly Create Financial Security & Attract Money." He helps people break through barriers and get into the flow of abundance, peace, and prosperity. Lloyd is a Huffington Post blogger and contributor to MindBodyGreen and the Elephant Journal.
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