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Intellectual & Cultural development of Islamic world/universities vs. Western

  • Broadcast in Islam



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Examining methods of coping and what impact we can make on our own world apart from society.  Is it a reaction or choice to be isolated?

We apply principles of individual social isolation to a comparitive blueprint of an intellectual theory by Mohammed al-Sanduk as described below:  Also, the constructs of intellectural discipline comparing East-West university thought.

Mohammed al-Sanduk

Human thought constitutes the basis upon which a society is built, whether the society be primitive and enveloped in totemistic thinking or at the pinnacle of a culture where scientific thought plays a pioneering role in its construction and direction. Similarly it is difficult to make a distinction between thought and society as an agent of it, since both parties mutually influence each other.

Baruch Spinoza: pioneer of the Enlightenment and modern Biblical criticism

From the mediaeval period to the present day Europe passed through various intellectual and social phases. These phases collectively formed the basis of the current social and intellectual situation and provided the basis for the dynamic of social development. Some of the most important phases whose echoes we still hear today are those which are termed the Age of Enlightenment (1650-1700) the Industrial Revolution (1750-1850) and the humanitarian movements. The Age of Enlightenment in Europe began around the 18th century when philosophy of rationalism initiated its role in motivating society and providing the impulse towards the strengthening of science.