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On Christmas Eve 1855, Barnaby Grigsby and his wife Mary Elizabeth, took the slaver's best team of horses and his carriage, packed it with knives and guns, and fled slavery. Grigsby and Elizabeth were married.
William Still was the Black abolitionist from Philadelphia who was described by the New York Times as "The Father of the Underground Railroad". He commissioned Harriet Tubman's rescue missions. This famous abolitionist literally wrote the Underground Railroad book. The book which explained the story, narratives often in the words of the participants in the effort to escape slavery.
Click to Listen To The Gist of Freedom is pleased to present to you "The Bold Strike For Freedom" an excerpt from William Still's Book, The Underground Railroad with guest Erik Estep!
Join The Gist of Freedom as we discuss The Michael Brown and Eric Garner Grand Jury Verdicts, Police not Indicted, ForThe deaths of Unarmed Black Men, with Roy Paul!
Weeks before the shooting death of Michael Brown this August in Ferguson, Missouri, the death of Eric Garner set off its own wave of protests. The father of six died in July while being arrested for selling illegal cigarettes in Staten Island, after a police chokehold rendered him unable to breathe.
On Wednesday, a grand jury decided not to indict Daniel Pantaleo, the plainclothes NYPD officer who was making the arrest.
There are plenty of differences between the cases of Garner and Brown, but one particular contrast remains salient: There was no footage of Michael Brown's death, only eyewitness accounts and conjecture, leaving minds to imagine a standoff between an officer and a civilian, a standoff that ended with the image of Brown lying dead in the street for over four hours.
Garner's death has harrowing digital footprints. His attempted arrest and struggle for air were captured on a widely-disseminated video. His final words were “I can’t breathe.”
In the aftermath of the verdict, many will likely point to the fact that the coroner's report ruled Garner's death a homicide, and that chokeholds are expressly forbidden by the NYPD.
Tonight learn about Maggie L Walker~ the first African-American woman to found a bank and serve as its president.
In 1899.Maggie Walker was the Secretary Treasurer of the Independent Order of St. Luke (IOSL) a self help, benevolent society.
The bank, St. Luke Penny Savings was home to the benevolent society (self-Help org.) under Maggie Walker’s leadership. The building is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Since obtaining this position, Walker focused on using economic empowerment to defy Jim Crow Laws. She did this by establishing a bank, newspaper, and store.
Walker was the first African-American woman to found a bank and serve as its president. Maggie Walker’s leadership, entrepreneurship, and magnanimous personality significantly helped African-Americans across the country gain equality and empowerment.
Tonight Join The Gist of Freedom as learn more about the social activist Maven Maggie L. Walker with Ben Anderson! Mr. Anderson is a tour guide ranger at the National Park Service Maggie L Walker Historic Site.
Walker was the first African-American woman to found a bank and serve as its president.
Join The Gist of Freedom as we discuss The Michael Brown and Eric Garner Grand Jury Verdicts. Police not Indicted, For The deaths of Unarmed Black Men, with Attorney Activist, Michael Coard Esq.!
8pm ET~ www.BlackHistoryBlog.com
"I can't breathe"
Weeks before the shooting death of Michael Brown this August in Ferguson, Missouri, the death of Eric Garner set off its own wave of protests. The father of six died in July while being suspected of selling illegal cigarettes in Staten Island, after a police chokehold rendered him unable to breathe.
The cop, Pantaleo, who held Eric Garner in the chokehold that killed him has been sued three times for allegedly violating the constitutional rights of other blacks he and fellow cops arrested.
Unlike Mike Brown's death, Garner's death has harrowing digital footprints. His attempted arrest and struggle for air were captured on a widely-disseminated video. His final words were “I can’t breathe.”
Besides the banned chokehold used by the cop, throwing a beefy arm around his neck, there was lethal danger in the way Mr. Garner was subdued — on his stomach, with a pile of cops on his back.
“positional asphyxia” quoted the Department’s guidelines on preventing deaths in custody.
The New York medical examiner’s office ruled Mr. Garner’s death a homicide, it cited “compression of neck (choke hold), compression of chest and prone positioning during physical restraint by police.” The pressure prevents the diaphragm from going up and down, and he can’t inhale and exhale.”
Which is exactly what Mr. Garner was trying to tell the officers who were on top of him when he said "I can't breathe"
On Wednesday, a grand jury decided not to indict Daniel Pantaleo, the plainclothes NYPD officer who was making the arrest.
Tonight on The Gist of Freedom listen to excerpts from the autobiography of Olaudah Equiano, a survivor of the middle passage! www.BlackHistoryBLOG.com
--Survived The Middle Passage, purchased his freedom, became a black abolitionist and authored the first known Enslaved African Narrative . He was a famous proponent of British abolitionism and worked with William Wilberforce. His story is featured in the movie Amazing Grace.
He settled in the United Kingdom in 1792. His autobiography, "The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano", depicts the horrors of slavery and influenced the enactment of the Slave Trade Act of 1807.
They put us in separate parcels, and examined us attentively. They also made us jump, and pointed to the land, signifying we were to go there. We thought by this, we should be eaten by these ugly men, as they appeared to us; and, when soon after we were all put down under the deck again, there was much dread and trembling among us, and nothing but bitter cries to be heard all the night from these apprehensions, insomuch, that at last the white people got some old slaves from the land to pacify us. They told us we were not to be eaten, but to work, and were soon to go on land, where we should see many of our country people. This report eased us much. And sure enough, soon after we were landed, there came to us Africans of all languages.
Did The Mid-Term Election End Obama's Presidency - and begin a New Post-Reconstruction Era? Join The Gist of Freedom with host Dr. Ishmael Griffin and Activist Yul Anderson! www.BlackHistoryBlog.com www.blackHistoryUniversity.com
“Death at the polls, and free from federal interference” an era which depicted the violence that characterized elections in the post-Reconstruction South. Watch eductional history rap video!
The Battle of Liberty Place on September 14, 1874 was an attempted insurrection by the Minority, Crescent City White League against the legal Bi-racial Reconstruction Elected state government in New Orleans. The League, made up of Confederate veterans, fought and won against the racially integrated Metropolitan Police and state militia. They held the state house, armory and downtown for three days until federal troops arrived to restore the black elected government
The uprising of white Democrats against the biracial Republican administration that ruled Louisiana after the Civil War raged through the downtown streets and ended with 32 dead on both sides. Within few years the whites here, and throughout most of the South, regained power and held it for almost a century.
Tonight at 8pm ET Audio Book, Listen to A Reading of Frederick Douglass' Autobiography ~ Mr. Douglass shares his Courageous Escape on The Gist of Freedom www.BlackHistoryBlog.com
on iTunes www.BlackHistoryUniversity.com
"It was the custom in the State of Maryland to require the free colored people to have what were called free papers. These instruments they were required to renew very often, and by charging a fee for this writing, considerable sums from time to time were collected by the State. In these papers the name, age, color, height, and form of the freeman were described, together with any scars or other marks upon his person which could assist in his identification. This device in some measure defeated itself-since more than one man could be found to answer the same general description. Hence many slaves could escape by personating the owner of one set of papers; and this was often done as follows: A slave, nearly or sufficiently answering the description set forth in the papers, would borrow or hire them them till by means of them he could escape to a free State, and then, by mail or otherwise, would return them to the owner. The operation was a hazardous one for the lender as well as for the borrower. A failure on the part of the fugitive to send back the papers would imperil his benefactor, and the discovery of the papers in possession of the wrong man would imperil both the fugitive and his friend."
100 Black Men In Law Enforcement
100 Black Men In Law Enforcement discuss the Brooklyn Nwe York police officers killed.
Suspected shooter reportedly kills himself after shooting two officers inside their patrol car.
100 BLACKS IN LAW ENFORCEMENT WHO CARE
591 Vanderbilt Avenue, Suite 133, Brooklyn, NY 11238
1929 Harlem Police officers
listen ~ 1892, NYPD's First Black Patrolman, Moses P. Cobb with Senator Eric Adams, Co-Founder 100 Black Men in Law Enforcement!
The Gist of Freedom is pleased to welcome renowned filmmaker and Television host Keith Beauchamp.
On one of Keith's latest installments of Investigation Discovery’s Injustice Files Keith Beuachamp explores “sundown towns” – communities in America that didn’t allow African American people to live there or even be present once the sun went down.
Get Out The Vote with Activist Stella Antley!
This show is dedicated to the memory of
Octavius Catto ~In 1871, during the the first election in which blacks could vote, Octavius Catto was murdered by a Democratic party operative while canvassing for Republican candidates.
On his way back from the polls, Catto, who had spearheaded a get-out-the-vote drive for black voters, was shot in the back by a political opponent.
Catto’s funeral was the city’s largest to date. His assassination rallied his supporters in the Republican Party, which would dominate Philadelphia politics for the next 80 years, thanks in part to black support. Succeeding generations of African Americans named buildings and professional organizations after him. But by the middle of the 20th century, as the civil rights movement turned its attention to desegregating the South and ensuring housing equality in the North, Catto had become, as his graveside monument proclaims, a “Forgotten Hero.” As perhaps the only historical figure who has been compared to both George Steinbrenner and Rosa Parks, he’s worth remembering.
The first full-length biography of Catto, Tasting Freedom: Octavius Catto and the Battle for Equality in Civil War America, was published in 2010. It is available for purchase at the National Constitutional Center’s gift shop.
His death was a harbinger of a new era in race relations in which the achievement of full civil rights for African Americans would be a dream long deferred.
Tonight join The Gist of Freedom with host Roy Paul as we talk with the executive producer, of the play Black Wall Street, Walter E. Puryear! Running at The Andrew Freedman Home, 1125 GrandCouse Bronx, NY starting Thursday September 18th thru Sunday October 5,204.
BLACK WALL STREET by Celeste Bedford Walker
In 1921, in a small community in Tulsa Oklahoma, there was a Black paradise called Greenwood. This community consisted of Blacks, Indians, and Jews, who respected and did business with each other. In time the town was soon known as Black Wall Street. In a mere 36 block section of town, these African-Americans owned and operated up to 600 thriving businesses. One of the most popular of these businesses was Old Lady Boleys’,(fictional) an eating establishment which is where our play begins. One Sunday evening, the town’s more influential citizens gathered to have their pictures taken for the local newspaper; in honor of the community’s 20th anniversary. Before the play ends, the entire community of Greenwood is completely burned to the ground. In a 12 hour period, a major Black economic movement is halted.
Walter E. Puryear is the Mid-Bronx Council’s project manager for the Andrew Freedman Home. When the home opened in the Bronx in 1924, it looked like a limestone luxury liner sailing up the Grand Concourse, a grandiosity that advertised its odd function: a privately endowed retirement home for the formerly well-to-do, those who might have lost their money but not their manners or manorial tastes.
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