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Determinants of Remittances: The Case of Zambia Migration. Dr. Wotela, of the Graduate School of Public and Development Management-Faculty of Commerce, Law and Management at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa aims for the angle of suggesting what government should do for us who remit money back home. He will also connect the discussion with Elias Mpondela's housing proposals made on our earlier show.
This is a verbal presentation of Kambidima’s recently published paper that derives seven ethno-geographical clusters comprising ethnic societies with similar histories, regional settlements and common kinship lineage arrangements. The procedure reveals the origin of social diversity in Zambia. To explore the usefulness of these clusters, we apply population counts to explain the genesis of the seven ‘official’ languages from several Zambian languages. Comparing and contrasting ethnogeographical clusters reveals features underlying ethnic similarities and differences in Zambia. We resolve that common origin and migrations that occurred between the twelfth and nineteenth century define ethnic distinctions in Zambia. These characteristics provide a lens through which we can place and analyse current social, linguistic, political, and demographic forces. Compared to provincial administrative regions, ethno-geographical clusters are useful units-of-analysis for comparing ethnic differentials in Zambia.
Cuthbert Malindi is a Mechanical Engineer, Chartered accountant and a private equity professional and Fund Manager turned entrepreneur. From being a Senior Executive in a number of companies, he has gone on to set up and invest in his own businesses. Cuthbert does not count this success to luck but a carefully thought out and executed plan whose foundation was laid at a very young age. He states that he did not establish his businesses overnight and he credits his family for the support, encouragement and sacrifice made to allow him chase his dream. He attributes his relative success to years of hard work and discipline…reads, but in part, an article written by Darlington Mwendabai published in the Zambian Daily Mail of 25th October 2011.
Kambidima speaks to Cuthbert Malindi to find out how he left the comfort of a corporate life with a secure salary to investing and running his own businesses: Kleiner Apex Ltd (a transport, distribution and warehousing company), Kleiner Apex Communications, Eiah Capital Ltd (a consulting firm), and Post.Net. Cuthbert holds an Honours Degree in Mechanical Engineering that he obtained from Leeds University (United Kingdom). He is a Chartered Accountant (United Kingdom) and an ASIP (the UK equivalent of Chartered Financial Analyst) He shares with us his numerous achievements in and out of the classroom.
The Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD) has formally adopted Zambians living in South Africa, namely Chanda Sunday, Mulenga Emmanuel, and Mulusa Lucky to contest for parliamentary seats in Mpika, Ndola, and Solwezi, respectively. Evance Chanda, a Zambian living in South Africa, observes that “the Zambians living in the Diaspora seems to be making a positive impact shaping the future of Zambian politics”. Although not directly, he praises the ruling party for giving credit to the Zambians in Diaspora and hopes other political parties would emulate this positive development. Further, Mr. Chanda hopes the participation of Zambians in the Diaspora will bring sustained social, economical, and political change for the benefit of Zambia’s future development. Above all, he urges “all Zambians in Diaspora to work together so that we fight for our constitutional right to vote ... in 2016”.
Kambidima speaks to Lucky Mulusa to find out the plans he has for Solwezi Central, Zambian development in general and Zambians in the Diaspora. Mr. Mulusa is appearing on this show for the second time this year. In the March show (http://www.blogtalkradio.com/diasporavoice/2011/03/05/sixth-national-development-plan), he shared with us his input to improve the Zambian Sixth National Development Plan. Specifically, he demonstrated how a credit guarantee scheme can help to alleviate household poverty.
A congratulatory letter signed by the Zambia Association in South Africa (ZASA) Chairperson to the fifth Zambian President, Michael Chilufya Sata, reads in part, “Your Excellency, we Zambians in South Africa are more than willing to work with your Government. We want to convert the latent energy of the diaspora into a real resource for its development …through investing back home and introducing ideas and innovations we have gained in South Africa”. After all the Bemba say ‘umwana ashenda atasha nyina ukunaya’.
The ZASA Chairperson points out that the Zambian Diaspora in South Africa is unique. First, it is closer to Zambia. If need be, one can leave in the morning for a meeting in Zambia and be back before sunset. This way, Zambia can benefit from its diaspora without necessarily recalling its professions for an employment. Second, it forms the largest collection of the diaspora because it serves Zambians from all walks of life regardless of education level or occupation status.
Kambidima speaks to Edwin Mununga to discuss the Zambia Association in South Africa. In addition, we interrogate the views of the Association on the latest political developments in Zambia. Mr. Mununga, who works for The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), is the current ZASA Chairperson. Other than Edwin, other prominent members of the Association as well as other Zambians living in South Africa will join the discussion to explain how they intend to work with the new government. We explore the question, ‘what is it that this government should do that the out-gone government did not do?’
In demography, you study human migration, fertility, and mortality. Apart from measures and related-concepts, they teach you proximate and background determinants of each demographic phenomenon. For my Masters Degree final term paper, I discussed proximate and background determinants of maternal morbidity and mortality in Zambia. While I have just studied the subject, my immediate sister has actually succumbed to this evil force. Not only did Kalemba leave her husband, parents, siblings and grown children on 9th May 2011 ... she left a barely one month old baby. In her conscience world, Sindiwa will never meet her mother. We have lost many Zambian women to maternal mortality. Statistics show that in Zambia about seven babies in a thousand lose their mothers to maternal-related death. These children will never hug the person that would have loved them the most. Kambidima speaks to Thokozile Lewanika Mpupuni, to discuss ways of addressing the problem of maternal mortality in Zambia. Dr Lewanika is a Zambian working for McKinsey & Company in Johannesburg. This global management consulting firm prides itself in provision of well-thought-out solutions to problems encountered in the private, public and social sectors. From their recent work in Namibia, their consultants suggest that “... coordinated, targeted interventions led by local stakeholders can accelerate improvements in maternal-health outcomes”. (http://www.mckinsey.com/en/Client_Service/Social_Sector /Saving_mothers_lives_in_Namibia.aspx). In the accompanying video posted on this website as well, Thokozile summarises simple, economical, and sustainable efforts that Namibians are implementing to improve maternal health care. She emphasises that as an outsider you need to let change and solutions belong to the people affected. We also chat to Zambians living in Johannesburg.
Musaba Chailunga, a prominent commentator on Zambian development, argues that “we need to encourage people to be entrepreneurial and not allow the government to be the only answer. Even the government and semi-government companies that have been closed—for example, Livingstone Motor Assembly, Mulungushi textiles and Mansa batteries—were not founded, designed, or built by Zambians. These organisations were Zambian only on paper because the designs, the loans, and the parts were foreign made. Similarly, today's lifeline companies in Zambia as such the Lumwana are not Zambian. Therefore, our country has no patents or inventions and this may continue as long as we insist that all that government owns is ours. In the 30 years that Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines was state owned ... can someone provide me with a list of indigenous businesses that supplied parts or equipment to ZCCM?”. Mr Chailunga’s argument is undoubtable and supported. However, how can we turn this status quo around?
Kambidima speaks to Colin H. Makala to find out how we can pursue effective and sustainable small and medium entrepreneurships to alleviate household poverty. Mr Makala is the Publisher of the SME South Africa (http://www.smesouthafrica.co.za/). The main purpose of this paper is to give a lifeline to small and medium entrepreneurs in South Africa. Having started this newspaper with his partner at the time when information and communication is going digital, we can describe Colin as a successful entrepreneur.
According to L. Ron Hubbard, “As man is as able as he can learn and know, it is urgent that a workable technology [for him to learn and know] is available to him” Kambidima talks about study and training materials that can aid one to study. What is studying? What is the purpose of studying? What are the barriers to effective studying? How can one overcome these barriers and study about anything? To answer these questions, I borrow heavily from materials published by Effective Education for Applied Scholastics availed to me by Desiree Channing (UpSkill for Africa). I also point to technologies that can help someone doing a literature review or writing up a report. I emphasise that these are tools, just like the word speller, and therefore they should not replace what one wishes to communicate. For those who would like me to provide useful websites for these materials, email me on Kambidima.wotela@Zambia.co.zm (please copy in James Mwape using the email address firstname.lastname@example.org).
More and more Zambians are finding themselves in Cape Town for different reasons. In 2004, a group of them formed the Zambian Association in Cape Town (ZACT). Their objective, among others was to create an association which would serve as a forum for Zambians and their friends to mingle for purposes of making their stay in Cape Town, easier, enjoyable, and successful as well as support each other in times of need. Kambidima speaks to Ntheye Lungu and Charity Hamainza to find out if ZACT has achieved its main objective of creating a vibrant, happy, and successful community that will contribute economically to the host country South Africa and help develop the motherland Zambia.
Ntheye (ZACT President) has been actively involved in the "diaspora" Zambian community for the past 11 years. In 2001, he helped launch the Zambia Society (ZAMSOC)—a society that serves Zambians students at the University of Cape Town—and become the first President. During his stint in the United Kingdom, Ntheye continued to enhance and contribute towards the community of Zambians living abroad. He is currently a member of the Zambia Diaspora Connect group and a regular contributor on forums and blogs that discuss Zambian affairs (http://pa-nsaka.blogspot.com/). Ntheye has a background Financial Services.
Charity (ZACT Vice President) has been living in the "diaspora" for the last 14 years, mostly in South Africa and the United Kingdom. Her passion for creating "a home away from home" has seen her actively contribute to building a community of Zambians living abroad. In 2004, she was part of Zambians in Durban, South Africa, that started the Association of Zambians in Kwazulu Natal. She was also actively involved in the Zambia Milton Keynes Association while living in the United Kingdom. Charity has a background in Finance and Accounting.
A distinguished technological change and innovation scholar, Professor Carlota Perez has proposed a “Dual Model for Development: She argues that resource rich economies should create wealth using both perspectives, that is, “Top-Down and Bottom-Up”. Using the former, central governments should take advantage of advanced global innovations and networks to improve their resource processing industries and target global markets. However, “to raise the majority of the population into a decent standard of living”, communities should use the latter perspective to create wealth in every corner of the territory. Kambidima speaks to Lucky Mulusa, to discuss the sixth national development plan and the applicability of Perez’s model to Zambian development. Mr. Mulusa—a scholar of Economics, Business Administration, and Accounting—is the Director of Treasury Operations in the South African Department of National Treasury.
“The oppressed use music to express themselves”, this why the music industry of the previously oppressed societies—for example, Black Americans and South African—is a success. On the other hand, music is a multi-billion industry. Now that Zambian music is developing to world-class with Zambians singing internationally and winning medals in global competition, do we see this industry developing into a business that can address household poverty and contribute significantly to economic development. Kambidima speaks to Chisenga Gander Katongo (C.R.I.$.I.$ Mr Swagger) and Fortune Nyondo, to discuss Zambian music and Zambian musicians. What is the secret of their success? What is their focus? What keeps them going? What help do they need and from whom? Born and raised in Zambia, Fortune Nyondo (http://www.fortunesmusic.com/) is a Christian singer, songwriter, composer and arranger. He is also founder of a non-profit organization called Fortune Pilgrim (http://www.fortunepilgrim.org/) that seeks to change the lives of AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis victims in Zambia, and other countries around the world. On his website, Fortune testifies to the awsome healing power of Jesus Christ through his music, and brings it to reality through Fortune Pilgrim. Similarly, born and raised in Lusaka, Chisenga Katongo (http://www.reverbnation.com/hiphopcrisis?eid=3578800_19597450#!/page_object/page_object_bio/artist_64688) a Hip-Hop fan since age 10 is now a world class Hip-Hop artist. He was nominated for the BEFFTA (Black Entertainment Film Fashion Television Arts Awards) in the BEST INTERNATIONAL ACT category. He won this tightly contested category—other competitors in this category were Sade (UK), Fally Ipupa (DRC Congo), 2 Face (Nigeria), Ali Kiba (Tanzania) and M.I. (Nigeria).
As the most advanced societies of the current civilisation start to choke on their own development (Diamond, 2005), the less developed countries, especially Africa, should decide whether to fall with them or start preparing to reign in the next civilisation. One of the ties that need to be severed to prepare for the next civilisation is development aid. A Zambian scholar, Dambisa Moyo, has discussed the harm of aid on recipient countries in her 2009 publication entitled “Dead aid: why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa”. Critics of her work think it is a good opinion on the subject but lacks empirical casual analysis. Another student of economics, Nyemba M'membe, has just had her Masters research examined at the University of Nottingham and arrives at similar conclusions. More importantly, Nyemba’s thesis, which scored an average of 80 per cent, uses statistical tools to support the research findings, such as "...the Netherlands and the U[nited] S[tates] are found to give more aid to corrupt recipients". Kambidima speaks to Nyemba to gain an in-depth understanding of the methods, findings, and conclusions of this first-class research report.
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