• 00:15

    Twenty Arguments for the Existence of God

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #40


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Matthew 28:18-20. It reads, "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen."


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from William Lane Craig. He said, "If Christians could be trained to to provide solid evidence for what they believe and good answers to unbelievers’ questions and objections, then the perception of Christians would slowly change. Christians would be seen as thoughtful people to be taken seriously rather than as emotional fanatics or buffoons. The gospel would be a real alternative for people to embrace."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "Twenty Arguments for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    Throughout this next set of broadcasts, you will find arguments of many different kinds for the existence of God. And we make to you, an initial appeal. We realize that many people, both believers and nonbelievers, doubt that God's existence can be demonstrated or even argued about. You may be one of them. You may in fact have a fairly settled view that it cannot be argued about. But no one can reasonably doubt that attention to these arguments has its place in any work on apologetics. For very many have believed that such arguments are possible, and that some of them actually work.


    ...

  • 00:11

    The Argument from the World as an Interacting Whole for the Existence of God

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #54


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Isaiah 50:4. It reads, "The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned."


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Charlie Campbell. He said, "There are dozens of writings outside of the Bible that verify the historical accuracy of many of the names of people, places, and events mentioned in the Bible. In fact, external sources verify that at least eighty persons mentioned in the Bible were actual historical figures. Fifty people from the Old Testament, and thirty people from the New Testament."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Argument from the World as an Interacting Whole for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    Norris Clarke, who taught metaphysics and philosophy of religion for many years at Fordham, has circulated privately an intriguing version of the design argument. We present it here, slightly abridges and revised, for your reflection.


    Starting Point. This world is given to us as a dynamic, ordered system of many active component elements. Their natures (natural properties) are ordered to interact with each other in stable, reciprocal relationships which we call physical laws. For example, every hydrogen atom in our universe is ordered to combine with every oxygen atom in the proportion of 2:1 (which implies that every oxygen atom is reciprocally ordered to combine with every hydrogen atom in the proportion of 1:2). So it is with the chemical valences of all the basic elements. So too all particles with mass are ordered to move toward every other according to the fixed proportions of the law of gravity.


    ...

  • 00:58

    Chat: Philosophy of Religion: Design Arguments for the Existence of God, Part 4

    in Self Help

    Philosopher Dr. Diana Hsieh discussed "Philosophy of Religion: Design Arguments for the Existence of God, Part 4" with listeners in this episode of Philosophy in Action Radio. 

    I discuss various Design Arguments for the existence of God, particularly objections to William Paley's Analogical Argument for Design. 

    To download or feed a high-quality version of this episode, plus show notes and other details, visit its archive page. 

    For more from Dr. Diana Hsieh on the application of rational principles to the challenges of real life, visit PhilosophyInAction.com.

  • 00:10

    The Contingency Argument for the Existence of God (Part 2)

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #53


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 1 Thessalonians 5:20-22. It reads, "Despise not prophesyings. Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil." 


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Alan Redpath. He said, "Many people are being persuaded that they cannot be considered intelligent or well educated if they insist on the doctrine of the verbal inspiration of the Book. Let me say to you that truth has always lived with the minority; what the majority says at a given moment is usually wrong. The crowd one day cried, “Crucify him,” and the whole world united to murder the Son of God, because in their ignorance they knew Him not."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Contingency Argument for the Existence of God" (part 2) from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    But why should we call this cause "God"? Maybe there is something unknown that grounds the universe of change we live in.


    True. And this "unknown" is God. What we humans know directly is this sensible changing world. We also know that there must exist whatever it takes for something to exist. Therefore, we know that neither this changing universe as a whole nor any part of it can be itself what it takes for the universe to exist. But we have no such direct knowledge of the cause of changing things. We know that there must exist a cause; we know that this cause cannot be finite or material --- that it must transcend such limitations. But what this ultimate cause is in itself remains, so far, a mystery.


    ...

  • 00:10

    The Contingency Argument for the Existence of God (The Reasons to Believe #52)

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #52


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 2 Corinthians 10:5-6. It reads, "Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ; And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled." 


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Charles Spurgeon. He said, "I have noticed that whenever a person gives up his belief in the Word of God because it requires that he should believe a good deal, his unbelief requires him to believe a great deal more. If there be any difficulties in the faith of Christ, they are not one-tenth as great as the absurdities in any system of unbelief which seeks to take its place."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Contingency Argument for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    The basic form of this argument is simple.


    1. If something exists, there must exist what it takes for that thing to exist.
    2. The universe---the collection of beings in space and time---exists.
    3. Therefore, there must exist what it takes for the universe to exist.
    4. What it takes for the universe to exist cannot exist within the universe or be bounded by space and time.
    5. Therefore, what it takes for the universe to exist must transcend both space and time.


    ...

  • The Kalam Argument for the Existence of God (Part 2)

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #51


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Colossians 4:5-6. It reads, "Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time. Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man." 


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from William Lane Craig. He said, "The Christian faith does not call for us to put our minds on the shelf, to fly in the face of common sense and history, or to make a leap of faith into the dark. The rational person, fully apprised of the evidence, can confidently believe."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Kalam Argument for the Existence of God"( part 2) from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    Christians believe they are going to live forever with God. So they believe the future will be endless. How come the past cannot also be endless?


    The question really answers itself. Christians believe that their life with God will never end. That means it will never form an actually completed infinite series. In more technical language: an endless future is potentially --- but never actually --- infinite. This means that although the future will never cease to expand and increase, still its actual extent will always be finite. But that can only be true if all of created reality had a beginning.


    How do we know that the cause of the universe still exists? Maybe it started the universe going and then ceased to be.


    Remember that we were seeking for a cause of spatio-temporal being. This cause created the entire universe of space and time. And space and time themselves must be part of that creation...

  • 00:10

    The Argument from Design for the Existence of God (Part 2)

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #48


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 2 Corinthians 10:5. It reads, "Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ." 


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Charles Colson. He said, "The Bible's historical accuracy is a reminder that while “the heavens declare the glory of God,” there’s also plenty of evidence among the rubble and ruins."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Argument from Design for the Existence of God" part 2 from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    Hasn't the Darwinian theory of evolution shown us how it is possible for all the order in the universe to have arisen by chance?


    Not at all. If the Darwinian theory has shown anything, it has shown, in a general way, how species may have descended from others through random mutation; and how survival of these species can be accounted for by natural selection --- by the fitness of some species to survive in their environment. In no way does it --- can it --- account for the ubiquitous order and intelligibility of nature. Rather, it presupposes order. To quote a famous phrase: "The survival of the fittest presupposes the arrival of the fit." If Darwinians wish to extrapolate from their purely biological theory and maintain that all the vast order around us is the result of random changes, then they are saying something which no empirical evidence could ever confirm; which no empirical science could ever demonstrate; and which, on the face of it, is simply beyond belief.


    ...

  • 00:10

    The Argument from Degrees of Perfection for the Existence of God

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #46


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 1 Thessalonians 5:20-22. It reads, "Despise not prophesyings. Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil." 


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from G. Campbell Morgan. He said, "No one statement wrested from its context is a sufficient warrant for actions that plainly controvert other commands. How excellent a thing it would be if the whole Church of Christ had learned that no law of life may be based upon an isolated text. Every false teacher who has divided the Church, has had, "it is written" on which to hang his doctrine."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Argument from Degrees of Perfection for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    We notice around us things that vary in certain ways. A shade of color, for example, can be lighter or darker than another; a freshly baked apple pie is hotter than one taken out of the oven hours before; the life of a person who gives and receives love is better than the life of one who does not.


    So we arrange some things in terms of more and less. And when we do, we naturally think of them on a scale approaching most and least. For example, we think of the lighter as approaching the brightness of pure white, and the darker as approaching the opacity of pitch black. This means that we think of them at various "distances" from the extremes, and as possessing, in degrees of "more" or "less," what the extremes possess in full measure. ...


     

  • 01:03

    Scientist believes he can prove existence of God. Call in!

    in Spirituality

    I was raised on a small dairy farm in northern Minnesota.  I graduated from college there in 1968 and taught high school science for seven years before moving to Baltimore, Maryland in 1975. There I took a two year course in Electronic Engineering. Since then I have been a trainer and engineer in various aspects of the electronics industry. 



    I am very excited about being able to retire in a few months and move back to Minnesota to help my brother continue to run the farm I grew up on, do some traveling, play some golf, and renew some very important relationships that I have maintained from the place I have always considered home.


    But, while teaching and engineering have been my life’s professions, my passion has always been an open search for greater understanding of the spiritual aspect of who we are. I guess I have explored that facet of our existence, at least on a cursory level, from about as many ways of doing that as there are.  That process has led me to conclude there are great spiritual Truths that can be found in virtually every religion as well as from the fields of metaphysics, philosophy, and science. But there are also many ideas from each of these sources that are mutually exclusive and, therefore, cannot be true for that reason alone. I think it is important for us to try and do a better job of sorting out those that are Truth from those that are not.



     

  • 00:09

    The Argument from Design for the Existence of God (Part 3)

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #49


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is 1 Thessalonians 5:20-22. It reads, "Despise not prophesyings. Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil." 


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from R. A. Torrey. He said, "For eighteen centuries every engine of destruction that human science, philosophy, wit, reasoning or brutality could bring to bear against a book has been brought to bear against that book to stamp it out of the world, but it has a mightier hold on the world today than ever before. If that were man's book it would have been annihilated and forgotten hundreds of years ago..."


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Argument from Design for the Existence of God" part 3 from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    We know the way things in the universe have behaved and are behaving. And so, until we have some reason to think otherwise, there is every reason to believe it will continue on its orderly path of running down. No speculation can nullify what we know. 


    And, anyway, exactly what sort of chaos is this question asking us to imagine? That effect precedes cause? That the law of contradiction does not hold? That there need not be what it takes for some existing thing to exist? These suggestions are completely unintelligible; if we think about them at all, it is only to reject them as impossible. Can we imagine less order? Yes. Some rearrangement of the order we experience? Yes. But total disorder and chaos? That can never be considered as a real possibility. To speculate about it as if it were is really a waste of time. 


    But what if the order we experience is merely a product of our minds? Even though we cannot think utter chaos and disorder, maybe that is how reality really is.


    ...

  • 00:10

    The Argument from Change for the Existence of God

    in Religion

    The Reasons to Believe #41


    Our Reasons to Believe Scripture passage for today is Colossians 4:5-6. It reads, "Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time. Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man."


    Our Reasons to Believe quote for today is from Ron Carlson and Ed Decker. They said, "To be an atheist you must have infinite knowledge in order to know absolutely that there is no God. But to have infinite knowledge, you would have to be God yourself. It's hard to be God yourself and an atheist at the same time! The Bible says in Psalm 14:1, “The fool says in his heart, ‘There is not God.’"


    Our Reason to Believe powerpoint today is titled "The Argument from Change for the Existence of God" from "The Handbook of Christian Apologetics" by Peter Kreeft and Ronald K. Tacelli:


    The material world we know is a world of change. This young woman came to be 5'2", but she was not always that height. The great oak tree before us grew from the tiniest acorn. Now when something comes to be in a certain state, such as mature size, that state cannot bring itself into being. For until it comes to be, it does not exist, and if it does not yet exist, it cannot cause anything.


    As for the thing that changes, although it can be what it will become, it is not yet what it will become. It actually exists right now in this state (an acorn); it will actually exist in that state (large oak tree). But it is not actually in that state now. It only has the potentiality for that state.


    ...

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