• 01:12

    [AHD] Health Benefits of Physical Activity and Exerci

    in Health

    If you want to know more about how physical activity improves your health, the discussion provides more detail on what research studies have found. Lack of regular physical exercise can render the body system vulnerable to a great deal of health issues. Adults need at least 2 and 1/2 hours (150 minutes) a week of aerobic physical activity. This should be at a moderate level, such as a fast-paced walk for no less than 10 minutes at a time. Regular physical activity is one of the most important things you can do for your health.
     
    http://www.africanviews.org/component/content/article/1018-health-dialogues/49468-the-health-benefits-of-physical-activity-and-regular-exercise

  • 01:16

    [AHD] Fighting Malaria in DRC and Nigeria

    in Health

        According to the World Health Organization, latest estimates reveal there were about 219 million cases of malaria in 2010 (with an uncertainty range of 154 million to 289 million) and an estimated 660 000 deaths (with an uncertainty range of 490 000 to 836 000). Malaria mortality rates have fallen by more than 25% globally since 2000 and by 33% in the WHO African Region. Most deaths occur among children living in Africa where a child dies every minute from malaria. Country-level burden estimates available for 2010 show that an estimated 80% of malaria deaths occur in just 14 countries and about 80% of cases occur in 17 countries. Together, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nigeria account for over 40% of the estimated total of malaria deaths globally.    It is unacceptable that a child dies every minute from malaria in Africa. What steps are being taken in DRC and Nigeria to reduce this mortality burden? How can we stop the preventable deaths attributed to malaria in African children?   

  • 01:22

    [AHD] Combating TB in Africa: The Case of South

    in Health

    According to the World Health Organization, tuberculosis is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent. In 2011 alone, an estimated 8.7 million new cases of TB occurred, leading to 1.4 million deaths. The primary co-infection of HIV, TB accounts for a quarter of all deaths among those living with HIV. And TB is second only to AIDS as a leading cause of death among women of childbearing age.
    Historically, TB has killed more people than any other disease. Over 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, and it is among the top three causes of death for women aged 15 to 44.
    Our community of focus is South Africa. Why? South Africa has the second highest rate of new tuberculosis (TB) cases in the world, the highest rate of drug-resistant TB in Africa, and the fourth highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Although there is an existing National TB Control Program (NTP) with wide technical support from international agencies, there are still alot of gaps in the country's fight against the scourage of tuberculosis.
    This week, we carefully consider key questions related to the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of the disease; enunciate ongoing steps being taken to tackle TB in Sub-saharan with special focus on South Africa, and lessons to share with other African countries. 

  • 01:04

    [AHD] Circumcision

    in Health

     
    Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin, which is the skin that covers the tip of the male sexual organ. In the United States, it is often done before a new baby leaves the hospital. There are medical benefits and risks to circumcision. Possible benefits include a lower risk of urinary tract infections, penile cancer and sexually transmitted diseases. The risks include pain and a low risk of bleeding or infection. The practice of circumcision dates to ancient times. In ancient Egypt, prior to biblical times, circumcision was performed to improve male hygiene. Later, routine circumcision of male infants was part of the Abrahamic covenants with Jehovah, giving rise to religious circumcisions that continue to this day in the Jewish and Muslim faiths.
     
     In Africa, attitudes towards circumcisions are changing from traditional beliefs into health and preventive measures. Until recently, the lines of circumcisions were clearly defined by cultures and traditions. 

  • 01:36

    [AHD] Alerts on Contraceptives and Birth control methods

    in Health

    Alerts on Contraceptives and Birth control methods used in Africa
    What types of contraceptives and birth control methods are available in many parts of Africa today? How do you know which one to choose? Where are they manufactured? How effective are they? How safe are they? Who regulates them?
     
    These are the questions that comes to mind after reading the article by Issa Sikiti Da Silva
    Jan. 22, 2013 (All Africa Global Media) -- A 25-year-old mother of five hailing from Senegal's eastern Tambacounda province believes that contraceptives damage the womb and cause health problems in the long term, such as a rise in blood pressure and chronic headaches.
     
    This Week’s topic was suggested by Brenda Grace Okott - A final year law student at the University of Oslo, originally from Uganda and a mother of two beautiful girls. She is going to be our special guest for the program and here is just the beginning of her concern on the issue in her own words:
     
    1. Information; when i look at the reality on ground, it looks like the consumers do not have full information about the products and the distributors plus the Doctors do not give proper and enough information due to either pressure of the work load or different interests or even ignorance at different levels.
    2. Accessibility; Here i mean women are buying pills from “drug shops and kiosks" at the road side acting as retail dealers in medicine. Now I wonder what the health inspectors say or if they even care to notice that it is being sold and consumed by human beings at different levels of understanding etc.
    3. Quality; Are the products well tested and what kind of information...

  • 01:28

    [AHD] Universal health coverage (UHC)

    in Health

    Universal health coverage (UHC) – or fairer, more efficient health financing that pools risk and shares healthcare costs equitably across the population – is about improving access to health services and reducing poverty from catastrophic healthcare expenditure. UHC reforms can improve health and financial protection of people around the world, especially poor and vulnerable populations. Universal Health Coverage was a core of resolutions reached at the United Nations General Assembly on 6th December 2012. High level discussions facilitated by the World Health Organization and other UN agencies have also led to ratification of universal health coverage as the key goal for the post-development agenda for global health.  The concept is taking off in countries as varied as South Africa, India, Rwanda, Indonesia, and the United States, with governments around the world engaging in serious political and technical discussions on how to expand health coverage. Still others are considering such reforms, but are struggling to navigate the legal, financial, and political frameworks of their countries to determine the best path toward reform. While details vary from country to country, the key common goals are that the cost burden of health care is shared widely and evenly, patients and their families have increased coverage, resources are better utilized, and health outcomes are improved.  Pertinent questions arise: Is it possible for Nigeria to achieve universal health coverage by 2015 as initially planned? What economic, social and political factors militate against the attainment of UHC in Nigeria? What existing model can the nation adopt to fast track UHC? Which middle or low income country in Africa can we learn from? What does it take to achieve UHC in Nigeria? Are we really to pay for price? And who pays?  Those and similar questions will be fulcrum of discussion this week.

  • 01:11

    (AHD) Social Security: A Fundamental Lifeline for Africa

    in Health

    In Africa, social security coverage ranges from 5 to 10 per cent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa and from 20 to over 70 per cent in the continent’s middle-income countries. High levels of informal employment translate into large coverage gaps in many countries, where only small minorities, usually formal-sector employees, have access to comprehensive social security protection. Typically, the rural population, self-employed workers and those marginal to formal labour markets are left vulnerable, being largely excluded from adequate or, indeed, any social protection.
          Taking Africa as a whole, most countries have work injury insurance programmes and provide coverage also for old age, disability and survivorship. However, the provision of programmes for cash sickness and maternity benefits as well as health care benefits, family allowances and unemployment benefits is less developed. For example, family allowances are provided in just over half of the countries, while unemployment programmes exist in five only.

  • 00:50

    Here2Heal

    in Health

    Here2Heal is a unique medical outreach that seeks to meet the needs of spirit, soul and body. It is consistent with the definition of health by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to WHO, health is defined as ‘a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing and not the absence of disease’.
     Here2Heal is the first of its kind in the community.
    It is a medical outreach targeting 1000 people in Surulere Local government. Unlike other outreaches that take care of patients’ ailments, here2heal is an outreach that caters or the psychological and spiritual needs of participants.
    The project aims to provide free quality medical services to the people of Surulere Local Government; meet the psychological needs of the people through counseling;  create a platform where the spiritual needs of the people can be met through prayers; promote healthy living practices among the people; refer patients with chronic medical conditions to appropriate health facilities... 

  • 01:03

    Here2Heal Part 2

    in Health

    Here2Heal is a unique medical outreach that seeks to meet the needs of spirit, soul and body. It is consistent with the definition of health by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to WHO, health is defined as ‘a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing and not the absence of disease’.
     Here2Heal is the first of its kind in the community.
    It is a medical outreach targeting 1000 people in Surulere Local government. Unlike other outreaches that take care of patients’ ailments, here2heal is an outreach that caters or the psychological and spiritual needs of participants.
    The project aims to provide free quality medical services to the people of Surulere Local Government; meet the psychological needs of the people through counseling;  create a platform where the spiritual needs of the people can be met through prayers; promote healthy living practices among the people; refer patients with chronic medical conditions to appropriate health facilities... 

  • 01:16

    Malaria Vaccine

    in Health

    According to the World Health Organization,the African Region accounts for 85% of malaria cases and 90% of malaria deaths worldwide. 85% of malaria deaths occur in children under five years of age. Every 30 seconds a child dies from malaria. The disease cause huge economic losses.
    The discovery of malaria vaccine can significantly reverse these disheartening figures. Malaria vaccines are considered amongst the most important modalities for potential prevention of malaria disease and death. Research and development in this field has been an area of intense effort by many groups over the last few decades. Despite this, there is currently no licensed, effective malaria vaccine. Researchers, clinical trialists and vaccine developers have been working on many approaches to bring forward the availability of such a highly effective malaria vaccine.
    The most notable effort is by The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI), a global program of the international nonprofit organization PATH. MVI was established in 1999 through a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Its to accelerate the development of malaria vaccines and ensure their availability and accessibility in the developing world. It sees a a world free from malaria.
    This week, we shall look at the social and economic implications of malaria in Africa, available preventive measures and recent findings on malaria vaccines.

  • 01:18

    Working Together for an AIDS-Free Generation

    in Health

    In 2009, an estimated 2.6 million people were infected with HIV, of which an estimated 69 percent occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa. Women account for 61 percent of those living with HIV and young women are three times more likely to be HIV positive than young men. The children of Africa represent 92 percent of the estimated 2.5 million children under the age of 15 living with HIV globally. An estimated 14.8 million children under age 18 have lost one or both parents to AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa.  Treatment coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa is far from the 80% universal access goal. Given that new infections outpace those starting treatment — for every one person accessing treatment, two new people are newly infected – prevention remains central to an effective AIDS response, particularly among groups at most risk (e.g. men who have sex with men, sex workers). These facts show that Africa is adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.    African Views Health Dialogue joins the international community to celebrate this year’s World AIDS day especially to highlight gaps in the fight against the pandemic in Africa and how to fill these gaps.  In view of this, we shall clearly seek answers to these questions: What is the status of the fight against the scourge of HIV and AIDS globally, and especially in Africa? What factors have been responsible for any successes and failures in the fight against the disease on the continent? Are African governments doing enough to tackle this challenge?  What gaps exist in the fight against this scourge, and what ecific steps can be taken to win the battle against HIV and AIDS in Africa? 

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