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How Religion and Spirituality Influence Health and Politics- Part 1

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FUNDING ANNOUNCEMENT: The Influence of Religiosity and Spirituality on Health Risk Behaviors in Children and Adolescents FUNDING AGENCY: National Insitutes of Health PURPOSE: This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) calls for research studies that examine the mechanisms, mediators, and moderators by which religious and spiritual beliefs develop and are transmitted across generations, and whether and how these beliefs influence early sexual behaviors and alcohol or other drug use that may facilitate the transmission of HIV in children and adolescents. The focus of this FOA is on the positive and negative effects of religiosity and spirituality (henceforth referred to solely as religiosity ) on health risk behaviors in children and adolescents. There is an increasingly pluralistic religious landscape in the United States, which makes it important to consider the influences and impacts of beliefs and behaviors promulgated by numerous religions in the United States. Religiosity may be thought of as a belief in God or higher power and practices associated with faith-related institutions. Spirituality remains an elusive term with a variety of meanings regarding the deeply personal and individualized response to sacred matters or matters affecting the spirit. The distinction between religiosity and spirituality may be apparent for adults and adolescents, but young children have difficulty differentiating the two concepts. … Religiosity in adolescents has been linked positively to healthier diets, exercise, sleep habits, and self-esteem, and negatively to alcohol and drug use, engagement in early sexual behavior, delinquency, depression, and suicide. WEB LINK FOR MORE INFO: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-07-181.html These programs are designed to offer tangible solutions to the critical issues that are challenging the quality of life in various populations.

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