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Prison Re-entry for Substance Abusing Juveniles

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"According to the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 22.3 million individuals needed treatment for an alcohol or illicit drug use problem. Only 10 percent of these individuals received treatment at a specialty facility in the past year. This disparity is also consistent for criminal justice populations, as estimates show only 10 percent of individuals involved with the criminal justice system who are in need of substance abuse treatment receive it as part of their justice system supervision. Furthermore, a 2007 study by NIDA’s Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Study indicates that offenders have a much higher rate of psycho-social dysfunction including substance abuse disorders than the general population. In fact, youth in the juvenile justice system have almost four times the rate of substance abuse disorders than the general juvenile population in the United States (NSDUH, 2007). Low-income, immigrant, minority and rural communities have historically been undercounted in the once-a-decade survey, which is mandated by the U.S. Constitution. With the sagging economy and billions of federal dollars at stake, not only are these underserved populations disproportionately affected, but residents throughout the state will be harmed if the count is not accurate."