Dr. Marimba Ani Author, Pan-Afrikan Activist & Organizer has been involved in the Afrikan Liberation Movement since her work as a Field Organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Mississippi from l963 to l966. In l967, she began formal study of the nature of Afrikan Civilization to determine how the process of culture formation could be used to achieve sovereignty for Afrikan people on the Continent and Diaspora. She involved the process of Afrikan-centered reconceptualization and created a framework to address the need to analyze phenomena from the perspective of their collective interests, values, vision and the reclamation.
Dr. Ani created the Afrikan-centered theoretical concepts of Asili, Utamawazo, and Utamaroho, and the Maat/Maafa/Sankofa Paradigm as part of the endeavor to develop an Afrikan Cultural Science which will be pragmatic for the reconstruction of Afrikan Civilization. The term Maafa was developed and presented in her book, Let The Circle Be Unbroken, in 1980, and has subsequently been embraced by the Pan-Afrikan Community world-wide to refer to the systematic attempt to destroy Afrikan Civilization and to dominate and exploit Afrikan people through capture, transport (the Middle Passage), 300 years of chattel enslavement and continuing cultural genocide. Her systematic critique of the European paradigm demonstrates the anti-Afrikan nature of European thought and behavior.
Dr. Ani's writings “The Ideology of European Dominance,” The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol.3, No.4, Winter, 1979 and Presence Africaine, No.III, 3rd Quarter. 1979. “European Mythology: The Ideology of Progress,” Contemporary Black Thought, eds. Molefi Asante and Abdulai Vandi, Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1980., pp.59-79. Let The Circle Be Unbroken: The Implications of Afrikan Spirituality in the Diaspora. New York: Nkonimfo Press, 1988 (1980 orig.)
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