THE DEATH OF JESUS:
1. The rejection and death of Jesus are seen as the expression of opposition to God's plan. Nevertheless, the whole process, including his resurrection, take place because it must happen as part of God's plan prophesied in scripture.
2. What then is this divine purpose ? At the last supper Jesus symbolically interprets his impending death as a sacrificial action related to establishing the covenant.
3. The death is understood to be for the benefit of many people, including the disciples of Jesus. Matthew adds that it is for the forgiveness of sins, echoing the opening scene where John's Baptism is for the forgiveness of sins and the still ealier statement that Jesus "will save the people from their sins" (Mat 1:21; cf Lk 1:77 ).
4. The theme occurs at the end of Luke, as Jesus instructs his disciples concerning the future proclamation ( Lk 24:47 )
5. The Jewish ethos with it's sacrificially based worship takes it for granted that offering sacrifice is necessary for removing sin and inaugrating a covenant.
6. Hence Jesus' interpretation of his death as a sacrifice on behalf of the people is appropriate.
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