The reptilian brain, the oldest of the three, controls the body's vital functions such as heart rate, breathing, body temperature and balance. The reptilian brain is reliable but tends to be somewhat rigid and compulsive
The limbic brain emerged in the first mammals. It can record memories of behaviours that produced agreeable and disagreeable experiences, so it is responsible for what are called emotions in human beings.
The neocortex first assumed importance in primates, The neocortex is flexible and has almost infinitelearning abilities. The neocortex is also what has enabled humancultures to develop.
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