. Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death; often committed out of despair; attributable to a mental disorder, stress factors and/or Interpersonal relationships.
Over one million people die by suicide every year. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that it is the 13th leading cause of death worldwide and the National Safety Council rates it sixth in the United States It is a leading cause of death among teenagers and adults under 35. Other factors correlated with suicide risk, include drug addiction, availability of a means to commit the act, family history of suicide, or previous head injury.
Socio-economic factors such as unemployment, poverty, homelessness, and discrimination may trigger suicidal thoughts. A history of childhood physical or sexual abuse or time spent in foster care is also a risk factor.
Hopelessness ---the feeling that there is no prospect of improvement in one's situation---is a strong indicator of suicide. Feelings of loneliness; a lack of social support, a deficit in feelings of belongingness and living alone were crucial predictors of a suicide attempt.
National suicide rates differ significantly between countries and amongst ethnic groups within countries.In the U.S., non-Hispanic Caucasians are nearly 2.5 times more likely to kill themselves than African Americans or Hispanics.
Suicidal behavior can be characterized as a spectrum that ranges from fleeting suicidal thoughts to completed suicide.
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