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And The Walls Did Not Come Tumbling Down!

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Forced busing
 
By 1968, the continued crawling pace of integration was frustrating the federal courts. In New Kent County, Virginia, most black students voluntarily chose to attend the George W. Watkins School instead of New Kent High School. However, Calvin Green, a black parent, sued the county school system to force a radical desegregation scheme. In its decision, the U.S. Supreme Court laid the groundwork for busing plans that caused controversy in Virginia and across the nation.
 
Inadvertent and unintentional segregation
 
Lacking the southern tradition of segregation, black migration to the West Coast before and during World War II had increased, owing to such large government construction projects as bridge, dam, harbor and shipbuilding jobs available there during the Great Depression, and in support of the World War II effort.
 
Severe prewar labor union strikes on the San Francisco docks almost destroyed the San Francisco shipping industry (which moved to Oakland, Long Beach and Seattle ports), and the end of World War II severely reduced available jobs in the San Francisco Bay Area and other West Coast cities.
 
Due to increased competition for jobs after World War II, employment available to blacks became even more limited, thus driving more black communities toward poverty. Increased postwar black migration to West Coast cities only exacerbated poor employment and educational opportunities for blacks there.

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