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What Causes Bullying?

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Annie Abram PhD

Annie Abram PhD

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Bullying may be defined as the activity of repeated, aggressive behavior intended to hurt another person, physically, mentally or emotionally. Bullying is characterized by an individual behaving in a certain way to gain power over another person.[9] It can be classified into four types:[10]

Physical, verbal, and relational bullying are most prevalent in primary school and could also begin in preschool. Cyber-bullying, arguably the most destructive and common form today, is more common in secondary school than in primary school.[10]   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullying#cite_note-:0-10

If you hit your kid, you give them a message that it’s okay to hit others. And a new study examining the case histories of almost 2,500 American children confirms that spanking breeds bullies. Lead author Dr. Catherine Taylor of Tulane University... factored out the influences such as maternal mental health and use of drugs, domestic violence, neglect, income, age, race and education. And spanking emerged as the most important factor in determining which three-year-old children developed into aggressive five-year-olds. ("Mothers' Spanking of 3-Year-Old Children and Subsequent Risk of Children's Aggressive Behavior", C. A. Taylor, J. A. Manganello, S. J. Lee, J. C. Rice, Pediatrics 2010; 125:5 e1057-e1065; published ahead of print April 12, 2010, doi:10.1542/peds.2009-2678)

Should we focus on early intervention with parents?