On 7th July 1990, Kenyans responded to a call by politicians Kenneth Matiba and Charles Rubia and went to Kamukunji to press for constitutional, political-legal, social and economic reforms. Their rallying point was the demand for Kenya’s return to political pluralism, transparency and accountability in the management of public affairs after decades of oppression and bad governance by the then intransigent KANU regime.
The regime had emasculated the civil and political rights of the ordinary people, denied press freedoms and failed to embrace social and economic reforms to cushion the majority poor from the effects of the World Bank and IMF driven Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs). More than twenty people died in the process and a few days later Matiba, Rubia, Prime Minister Raila Odinga and their lawyers John Khaminwa, Mohammed Ibrahim and Gitobu Imanyara were detained.
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