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King Lee "Scratch" Perry Jamaica's Musical Reggae Genius

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Caribbean Radio Show CRS Radio

Caribbean Radio Show CRS Radio


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Disc jockey, producer, record businessman, songwriter, singer Lee Perry has been a guiding force in the development of reggae.In addition to his own trailblazing music, Lee Perry has produced hits for the Wailers,Junior Byles,Max Romeo,the Heptones,Gregory Isaacs,Junior Murvin, and the Clash.His recording debut with The Chicken Scratch on Dodd's Studio One label in the early 60s,he became known as Scratch Perry.He produced hits for Justin Hines, Delroy Wilson, and Shenley Dufus.He recorded his own material like Trials and Crosses and Doctor Dick. 1968, he had a hit with People Funny Boy, billing himself as Lee King Perry.People Funny Boy was one of the first real reggae hits.Most of Perry's late-60s hits,like Clint Eastwood,Live Injection, and Return of Django #5 U.K,1969, In 1969 Perry began working with the Wailers. Aston Family Man Barrett and his drummer brother Carlton from the Upsetters become the most acclaimed Jamaican group in the world. Duppy Conqueror,Small Axe,Kaya, and Sun Is Shining were some of the Wailers' songs Perry wrote.In 1974 he built his Black Ark Studio.Perry was one of the pioneers of the reggae instrumental studio art known as dubbing reworking a taped track by removing some parts and exaggerating others.His use of technology such as drum machines and phase shifters gave his mixes a cutting-edge sound that had a profound influence on dub and, later, dancehall. His work in the 70s with toasters like U-Roy, Prince Jazzbo,I-Roy, Big Youth, and Dennis.He also recorded as Pipecock Jackson and under his own name. His most popular releases in the 70s,Station Underground News and Roast Fish and Corn Bread, were vocals.The Beastie Boys invited him to appear at the Tibetan Freedom Concert in New York.He tour with Neal the Mad Professor.Perry is a key influence on 90s trip-hop and electronic dance music. This biography edited originally appeared in The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (Simon & Schuster, 2001)