12 Yr Old -Escapee Wm. H. Scott, Niagara Movement - Burkett

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William H. Scott  (d. 1910), was a self  emancipated 12-year-old African American.  During the early years of the Civil War (1862), William attached himself to Union troops, served in the U.S. Army for 3 1/2 years, got an education, taught school and then became a Baptist minister in Washington, later in Boston.  He was the mentor to William Monroe Trotter, founder of the BOSTON GUARDIAN, and Scott was also one of the original 29 members of the Niagara Movement (predecessor organization to the NAACP).  Twelve years after escaping to freedom, he was lecturing on "The Black Man in History."

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