According to statistics, America has the highest incarceration rate in the world with 743 per 100,000 populations in 2009. Compared to other countries such as Britain, Germany or Japan, Americans are up to 12 times more likely to be incarcerated. This means that roughly 2.3 to 2.4 Americans are currently behind bars. According to statistics, this equates to approximately one in every one hundred adults are behind bars in America. In addition, if you consider those who are on probation or parole, this number increases as one in every 31 adults are under some type of community supervision in which they report to a legal authority. This number has been steadily increasing since the 1980’s due to stiffer sentencing related to the war on drugs and the supported fact that stiffer and longer sentencing decreases recidivism. As a result, both federal and state prisons have problems with overcrowding, the costs to house the prisoners, as well as appropriate staffing of guards to inmates.
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