Ensure environmental sustainability:
Target 7C: By 2015, halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
The percentage of the world’s population using improved drinking-water sources increased from 77% to 87% between 1990 and 2008, a rate on track with meeting the global MDG drinking-water target. However, more effort is needed to narrow the gap in coverage between urban and rural areas.
In terms of the sanitation target, however, the world is falling far short. In 2008 2.6 billion people still had no access to a hygienic toilet or safe latrine. Approximately 1.1 billion people were defecating in the open, resulting in high levels of environmental contamination and exposure to the risks of worm infestations (such as hookworm and ascariasis) and microbial infections (such as cholera, shigellosis, salmonellosis, and hepatitis). The situation was most severe in the WHO African Region, where the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities only rose from 30% in 1990 to 34% in 2008. ( source: WHO)
MDG 7 is interrelated to MDG 4 and MDG 5
30% of “ children Get ill due to lack of clean water and it also contributes to increased infant mortality . In addition 51% of maternal mortality and mortality can be attributed to lack of clean water and a sanitary conditions.
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